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Diversity and Abundance of Birds at Dhapchapak Riverine Forest, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan

Diversity and Abundance of Birds at Dhapchapak Riverine Forest, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan

Najam-un-Nisa1, Ruqia Bibi1, Balqees Riaz1, Bushra Khalil1, Iqra Maheen1, Saima1, Uzma Islam Khan1 and Inam Ullah1,2*

1Department of Zoology, Govt girls degree college no 02, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan; 2College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, P.R. China.

 
*Correspondence | Inam Ullah, College of Wildlife and Protected Area, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, P. R. China; Email: Inamullah3554@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

This study aims to assess the avifauna diversity in Dhapchapak lake and forest areas. There is no previous record of any detailed research on bird species in Dhapchapak lake and the forest area.The study was conducted to estimate the diversity and abundance of avifauna species found in dhapchapak wetland and forest during winter (2017-18 and 2018-19). As birds are the best indicator for environmental changes hence the migratory birds fauna was observed during September to March of the year 2017-1019. Point transect method was used to explore the avifauna diversity at study site. In current study, total of 13,933 birds belonging to 39 species, 21 families were observed. Among these 39 species, 33 bird’s species were terrestrial and the rest of 21 bird’s species were aquatic. In water birds species, Great Egret is the most abundant specie of 2017-18 year, while in 2018-19 year, most abundant specie is Little Cormorant. In forest birds species, most abundant species of the study area were recorded as Little Cormorant and Northern Pintail. As migratory birds indicate ecosystem condition, healthy birds species indicate healthy habitat, while declining birds indicate degraded habitat. The objective of this study was to determine the bird species composition, species diversity, species richness, species evenness and status of bird species.

 

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Journal of Innovative Sciences

June

Vol. 8, Iss. 1, Pages 1-145

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