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ESTABLISHMENT OF IN VITRO CULTURE OF GRAPES

 Muhammad Ali*, Ghulam Mustafa Sajid**, M. Faisal Anwar Malik*** and Kalimullah****

 * Department of Horticulture, The University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. ** Institute of Agri-Biotechnology and Genetic Resources, National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan. *** Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, The University of Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. **** Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Gomal University, D.I. Khan, Pakistan. Corresponding author: alinhorti@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

 The establishment of in vitro culture from shoot tip explants (meristemetic tissue) of grapes was investigated through tissue culture technique. These explants were collected from gene bank of Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources (IABGR), National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC), Islamabad, Pakistan. Fifteen accessions of grapes were surface sterilized and tested on 75% MS media for germination and initial growth parameters. Accession No. 020017 (Dakh-1) exhibited highest viability (100%), shoot length (4.12 cm) -1 and nodes plant (3.8). Moreover, it was found that response of cultures to different treatments was dependent both on accession and treatment duration. In conclusion, this protocol proved to be useful in optimizing the dose and duration of the treatment of grape explants with the surface disinfectant.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

March

Vol. 35, Iss. 1, Pages 1-258

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