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Effect of Subclinical Coxiellosis (Q fever) on Selected Hematological and Serum Biochemical Variables of Naturally Infected Camels

Effect of Subclinical Coxiellosis (Q fever) on Selected Hematological and Serum Biochemical Variables of Naturally Infected Camels

Shujaat Hussain1*, Muhammad Saqib1, Khurram Ashfaq1 and Zia ud Din Sindhu2

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Jail Road, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan
2Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Jail Road, 38000 Faisalabad, Pakistan
 
* Corresponding author: drshujaat@uaar.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Coxiellosis, a widely dispersed zoonotic disease due to Coxiella burnetii, serve as a key trade barrier and adversely influence the productive and reproductive potential of animals. The current investigation was designed to determine the selective hemato-biochemical variations in dromedary camels due to subclinical coxiellosis. The study encompassed two groups viz, one group of 20 C. burnetii positive camel identified by Real time PCR and second group of 20 healthy camels (Real time PCR negative) used as control. The student t-test demonstrated significant (p<0.05) rise in packed cell volume (36.30±0.32%), hemoglobin (15.57±0.32g/dL), neutrophils (71.03±0.58%), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (86.19±0.78mm/hr), creatinine (2.13±0.08mg/dl), urea (69.30±1.14mg/dl), blood urea nitrogen (32.38± 0.62mg/dl), gamma-glutamyl transferase (11.66±0.63µ/L), aspartate aminotransferase (70.63±0.65 µ/L), alkaline phosphatase (94.10±0.89 µ/L) and calcium (9.48±0.39mg/dl). On the other hand, a significant decline (p<0.05) in WBC count (11.94±0.04), eosinophils% (3.10±0.20), basophils% (0.76±0.06), platelets count (103.2±0.56103µ/l), glucose (55.13±0.84mg/dl), albumin (4.25±0.01g/dl) and sodium (110.26±1.21mEq/L) were observed in infected camels. This investigation demonstrated significant differences in hematological and serum biochemical variables of infected and healthy camels. Moreover, to set a reference line of blood variables for the detection of coxiellosis in camels additional investigations are obligatory.

 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology

October

Vol. 54, Iss. 5, Pages 2003-2500

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