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Effects of Sand and Clay Compositions on Growth and Biochemical Aspects of Hordeum vulgare (L.) and Soil Physico-Chemical Properties

Effects of Sand and Clay Compositions on Growth and Biochemical Aspects of Hordeum vulgare (L.) and Soil Physico-Chemical Properties

Humaira Gul1*, Muhammad Junaid Yousaf1*, Fawad Ali1, Mamoona Rauf1, Farhad Ali2 and Iqthedar Ali3

1Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan; 2Institue of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Bacha Khan University Charsadda, Pakistan; 3Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-E-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Humaira Gul and Muhammad Junaid Yousaf, Department of Botany, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan; Email: gulhumaira@awkum.edu.pk, muhammadjunaid@awkum.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Crop productivity mainly depends on soil type, soil composition and texture particularly, the ratio of sand and clay. The current research was carried out to investigate the effect of different ratios of sand and clay composition on growth and biochemical aspects of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and variations in soil physical and chemical properties were tested. During the experiment, plants were grown in eleven sets of soil combinations texture wise with varying ratio of sand and clay along their chemical properties. Different growth parameters based on physiological functioning and biochemical aspects were observed for various physical and chemical properties of soil provided to plants for growth optimization.. Barley flourished only well in sandy soil. The number of leaves, branches, fruits, plant height, proteins, and chlorophylls were significantly (P<0.05) increased in sandy soil proportion whereas in soil analysis moisture, hygroscopic water, pH, cation exchange capacity (CEC), chlorides, organic matter were significantly (P<0.05) increased for the soily soil in same proportion that is of sandy soil. This reveals that Barley should be grown in sandy soil for its better growth and productivity. The least growth parameters were noted on soil with more clay retaining most of moisture and inhibiting growth due to soil pH.

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

November

Vol.38, Iss. 5, Pages 1-396

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