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Outbreaks of PPR-FMD among Sheep and Goats in Hail, Saudi Arabia

Outbreaks of PPR-FMD among Sheep and Goats in Hail, Saudi Arabia

Ahmed Zein Elabdeen Mahmoud1, Muaz Magzob Abdellatif2* and Mohamed Abdelsalam Abdalla3

1Veterinary Laboratories, Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture, Saudi Arabia; 2Department of Biology (Microbiology), Faculty of Arts and Science, Northern Borders University, Saudi Arabia; 3Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Sudan.  


Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a viral disease which primarily affects small ruminants, causing significant economic losses for the livestock industry. Clinical investigation was carried out during the suspected outbreaks of PPR/FMD in sheep and goats in Hail. Saudi Arabia. During the outbreaks 271 (20.6%) died out of 648 (49.3%) of affected animals, the overall morbidity in goats (33.3%) was higher as compared to sheep (12.3%), with a case fatality rate in goats reached 74.69% in the 2nd outbreak. Affected animals exhibited fever, stomatitis, mucopurulent to bloody nasal/ocular discharges, watery to bloody diarrhea and lameness. The major gross lesions were erosive stomatitis, hemorrhages in lung, liver, abomasum, small and large intestine. PPRV NP was detected in sheep (n=20) and goats (n=18), anti-PPRV NP was also detected among sheep and goats (n=162) by ELISA, 3ABC-FMD enzyme immunoassay were positive (n=6) when ovine sera were tested. The study revealed that PPR-FMD viruses were circulating in the region and warrants proper control measures. 

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Veterinary Sciences: Research and Reviews


Vol. 7, Iss. 2, Pages 92-142


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