Role of Nanotechnology in Crop Protection and Production: A Review
Muhammad Javaid1*, Unsar Naeem-Ullah1, Waheed S. Khan2, Shafqat Saeed1, Mirza Abdul Qayyum1 and Muhammad Arslan Khan1
Agriculture provides food for human beings directly and indirectly. As the world population is increasing, therefore need of the time is to use new technologies in agriculture like nanotechnology for sustainable agriculture production. Nanoparticles have physical, biological and chemical characteristics with size range of 10-9 nanometer in diameter. Nanotechnology will serve as an innovation in agriculture and food industry i.e. nanopesticides to manage insect pests of different crops, nanofungicides to control pathogens, plant diseases and nanoherbicides for the management of weeds. It also facilitate in precision farming, targeted use of inputs i.e. nanofertilizers and to overcome the environmental stress seed treatments with nanoparticles, to improve the crop yield use of smart gene delivery system. This technology can also be useful for sustainable water use and irrigation water filtration. It also plays an important role in pollution reduction. Green revolution of any developing countries can be achieved by adopting nanotechnology.
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