Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

The Effects of Conservation Agriculture Practices on the Population Density of Fungivorous and Free-Living Nematodes in Different Crop Rotation Patterns

The Effects of Conservation Agriculture Practices on the Population Density of Fungivorous and Free-Living Nematodes in Different Crop Rotation Patterns

Reza Aghnoum*, Hamid-Reza Sharifi, Masoud Ghodsi and Ahmad Zare Fizabadi

Field and Horticultural Crops Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran.

 
*Correspondence | Reza Aghnoum, Field and Horticultural Crops Research Department, Khorasan Razavi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Mashhad, Iran; Email: r.aghnoum@areeo.ac.ir

ABSTRACT

Conservation agriculture (CA) has been widely adopted in many regions of the world; however, the effect of CA practices on non-plant pathogenic nematodes is not well understood. This study was carried out to determine the effect of CA on population density of fungivorous (Aphelenchus avenae) and free-living nematodes under four crop rotation patterns. The experiment was arranged as a split plot in randomized complete block design with three tillage systems (conventional tillage, minimum tillage and no-tillage) as the main plots and three level of crop residue retention (no-residue, 30%, and 60% of residue retention) as the sub-plots that replicated three times during five consecutive cropping seasons. The results showed that fungivorous and free living nematodes exhibited differential responses to tillage and residue retention under different rotation patterns. Analysis of variance showed that the effect of tillage, residue retention and their interaction effect on population of fungivorous and free-living nematodes in the 1st (wheat, barley, cotton, wheat) and the 2nd (wheat, sugar beet, wheat, sugar beet and wheat) rotation patterns were not statistically significant. In the 3th rotation pattern (wheat, maize, wheat, melon and wheat) interaction of tillage × residue retention had a significant effect on the population of fungivorous and free-living nematodes. In the 4th rotation pattern (wheat, canola, wheat, Persian clover, tomato and wheat), tillage intensity influenced the population density of fungivorous and free-living nematodes significantly. Long-term experiments are necessary to determine the capacity of non-pathogenic nematodes in suppression of soil-borne pathogens including the fungal and pathogenic nematodes.

To share on other social networks, click on any share button. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Nematology

December

Pakistan Journal of Nematology, Vol. 32, Iss. 2, Pages 123-240

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe