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Transforming the Livelihood of Rural Households: A Case of Successful Adoption of Biogas Technology in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Transforming the Livelihood of Rural Households: A Case of Successful Adoption of Biogas Technology in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Syed Muhammad Amir1*, Shehzad Khan2, Asif Ali Abro3, Ehsan Inamullah4 and Tahir Mehmood5

1Department of Development Studies, Karakoram International University, Hunza Campus, Gilgit, Pakistan; 2Institute of Development Studies, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Pakistan; 3Department of Business Administration, Newports Institute of Communications and Economics, Karachi, Pakistan; 4Department of Development Studies, Faculty of Business Administration, COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan; 5International Karakoram University, Diamir-Chilas Campus, Gilgit, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Syed Muhammad Amir, Department of Development Studies, Karakoram International University, Hunza Campus, Gilgit, Pakistan; Email: muhammad.amir@kiu.edu.pk

ABSTRACT

Extensive use of conventional energy sources with negative impacts and existing poor farming systems in Pakistan have driven implementation of biogas technology by governmental and non-governmental organizations. This study focuses on the rate of successful adoption of bio gas technology and its multiple impacts on 113 farming households in two purposively selected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (i.e. district Mardan and Dera Ismail Khan). Based on the descriptive nature of the study, quantitative approach was used with the help of a predesigned questionnaire. Frequency distributions, percentages, and paired T-tests were used to analyze and present the data. Results indicate that time spent on cooking and fuel collection significantly reduced after biogas adoption; and it also generates opportunity of alternative activities in saved time, and enhances fuel energy consumption pattern. Biogas technology brings improvement in the economic condition in terms of reduced expenditure (on buying other fuel energy materials and on buying chemical fertilizers), and in terms of higher earnings from selling trees. In light of the findings from this research, biogas technology has been proved to have great potential to improve the quality of life of farming households which in turn would positively affect the agriculture sector. 

 

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

December

Vol. 38, Iss. 4, Pages 1160-1546

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