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Varietal Comparison of Fig (Ficus carica L.) under Climatic Conditions of Soan Valley

Varietal Comparison of Fig (Ficus carica L.) under Climatic Conditions of Soan Valley

Allah Bakhsh1, Attiq Akhtar2, Fiaz Hussain3, Hafiz Wasif Javaad4, Inam ul Haq5* and Humara Umar

1Horticultural Research Institute (HRI), Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2Hill Fruit Research Station (HFRS), Sunny Bank, Murree, Pakistan; 3Citrus Research Institute (CRI), Sargodha, Pakistan; 4Horticultural Research Station (HRS), Nowshera (Soan Valley) District Khushab, Pakistan; 5Barani Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Chakwal, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Inam ul Haq, Barani Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Chakwal 48800, Pakistan; Email:


The present research was conducted to explore the performance of three fig varieties namely Black Ball, Gilgit Selection and Swat Local under the climatic conditions of Soan Valley, District Khushab; Punjab Pakistan during two consecutive years (2017 and 2018). Flowering in studied cultivars started from the end of March to mid-April. Maturity timing in all three cultivars ranged from early June to late June. Fruit of Black Ball cultivar matured earlier (first week of June) as compared to Gilgit Selection and Swat Local fig cultivars (end June). During both years of study, evaluated quantitative parameters revealed that Black Ball variety had maximum fruit weight and firmness (35.27g and 2.4 followed by Gilgit Selection (28.95g and 2.0, and Swat Local (24.72g and 1.8 Fruit size varied from 11.37cm2 to 14.35cm2 for Swat Local, and Black Ball Fig cultivars, respectively. Results displayed that maximum yield per plant (15.20 kg) was fetched by Black Ball cultivar in contrast to Swat Local cultivar (9.37Kg). Results of biochemical parameters declared Black Ball as a superior cultivar owing to the maximum value of TSS (15.55%), total sugars (10.85%), antioxidant activity (75.75%) and minimum value of titratable acidity (0.15%). The results suggested that among studied fig cultivars, Black Ball is a premium fig cultivar having superior physical and chemical features which can be used in future breeding programs and establishment of commercial orchards in Soan Valley area of Punjab, Pakistan.

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol.35, Iss. 4, Pages 578-684


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