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A Review on Botanical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Reports of Conocarpus Erectus

A Review on Botanical, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Reports of Conocarpus Erectus

Sabi-ur-rehman1, Farooq Azam1, Shaheed Ur Rehman2, Tasbeeh Ur Rahman3, Ayeza Mehmood4, Afshan Gohar5 and Abdul Samad5* 

1Institute of Pharmacy, Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2Department of Pharmacy, COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus. Pakistan; 3Department of Medicine, Shalamar Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan; 4Hamdard Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan; 5Ecotoxicology Research Program, National Agricultural Research Centre Islamabad, Pakistan.  


Conocarpus erectus is an evergreen shrub found on the shorelines in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, throughout the America, tropical Africa, and West Indies. The main objective of this review was to highlight the relevant documented knowledge published about its botanical aspects, phytochemistry, traditional uses as well as therapeutic potential of Conocarpus erectus. This plant was selected due to its great medicinal importance like its leaves and fruits have been using traditionally as antipyretic, anti diabetic, anti malarial and for the treatment of conjunctivitis, syphilis, gonorrhea, orchitis, diarrhea, anemia, prickly heat and swellings etc. The plant has also reported to have pharmacological active phytochemicals i.e. conocarpan, conocarpol, gallic acid, ellagic acid, ellagitannin, castalagin, quercetin, myricetin and syringetin etc. The review expresses the ethanomedicinal potential of this plant specie as well as its importance in modern medicines.  

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol. 35, Iss. 3, Pages 477-577


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