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Application of Plant Growth Regulators to Promote the Yield of Wheat Crop in Pakistan

Application of Plant Growth Regulators to Promote the Yield of Wheat Crop in Pakistan

Muhammad A. Ahmad1, Shabbir Hussain2*, Humera A. Awan3, Muhammad Riaz4 and Muhammad Saeed1

1Department of Chemistry, Lahore Garrison University, DHA Phase VI, Lahore, Pakistan; 2Department of Chemistry, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan; 3School of Life Sciences, Forman Christian College (A Chartered University), Lahore, Pakistan; 4Department of Basic and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Shabbir Hussain, Department of Chemistry, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan, Pakistan; Email: dr.shabbirhussain@lgu.edu.pk, shabchem786@gmail.com 

ABSTRACT

The growth of plants and their productivity can be improved by the use of plant growth regulators (PGRs). The PGRs have pronounced effects on the yield, biochemistry, physiology and plant morphology of wheat crop. Current studies were performed to investigate the effect of PGRs on the yield of wheat crop in Sayban International, Lahore (Pakistan). The field experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of numerous concentrations of three PGRs (sodium-5-nitroguaiacolate, sodium ortho-nitrophenolate and sodium para-nitrophenolate) on the yield of wheat crop. Numerous compositions of PGRs were formulated and sprayed on the foliar parts of the crop during various growth stages of the crop. Control measurements were also performed involving water spray only under the identical conditions. The PGRs spray has resulted in a significant rise of leaf development, stem growth and height of the wheat plants. The PGRs concentrations of 100ppm and 150ppm were proved to be most effective and possessed the momentous potential to increase the plant growth as well as yield of the wheat crop. It was concluded that the PGRs application reduces the economic cost of the farmer and also increases the nutritional value of wheat crop.

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Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

November

Vol.38, Iss. 5, Pages 1-396

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