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Epidemiological Analysis of Udder Edema in the Goat Population of Faisalabad, Pakistan

Epidemiological Analysis of Udder Edema in the Goat Population of Faisalabad, Pakistan

Shahabaz Ul Haq1, Khurram Ashfaq1, Arsalan Khan2*, Adeel Khalid1, Shahrood Ahmed Siddiqui3,4, Raheela Taj5, Asad Ullah6, Hidayatullah Soomro7 and Muhammad Wasim Usmani8*

1Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan; 2Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Center, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan; 3Vaccine Production Unit, Tandojam, Sindh, Pakistan; 4Livestock and Fisheries Department, Government of Sindh, Pakistan; 5Institute of Chemical Sciences, University of Peshawar, Pakistan; 6College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan, Pakistan; 7Department of Veterinary Medicine, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand-67210, Pakistan; 8Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Ziauddin University, Karachi, 75050, Pakistan. 
Shahabaz ul Haq and Khurram Ashfaq contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors.
*Correspondence | Arsalan Khan, Veterinary Research and Disease Investigation Center, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan; Email: 


Udder edema in goats is a condition that significantly impacts animal welfare and dairy production. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological and semiotic aspects of udder edema in the goat population of Faisalabad, Pakistan. A cross-sectional study was conducted at the OPD clinic of the University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, over a one-year period in 2018. Sixty goats, comprising clinically diagnosed cases of udder edema and healthy controls, were enrolled. Data were collected through structured interviews and physical examinations by veterinary professionals. Stratified random sampling was used for selecting the study subjects. The study identified 60 cases of udder edema, predominantly in the Beetal breed, suggesting a breed-specific predisposition. Age was a significant factor, with most cases occurring in goats aged between 3.6 and 6 years. Bilateral udder involvement was more common, seen in 44 cases. The study also found a significant correlation between the condition and specific dietary elements, notably the use of wheat straw as roughage and Barseem alone as fodder. Chronic mastitis was identified as a significant complication in goats with udder edema. The study concluded that breed, age and specific dietary practices are key factors in the development of udder edema in goats. The findings underscore the need for tailored management strategies, particularly in terms of nutrition and monitoring of high-risk groups. 

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Pakistan Journal of Zoology


Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 3, pp. 1001-1500


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