Submit or Track your Manuscript LOG-IN

Grain Losses and Head Rice Yield of Paddy Under Different Harvesting Methods

Grain Losses and Head Rice Yield of Paddy Under Different Harvesting Methods

Muddassir Ali, Fraz Ahmad Khan*, Mohsin Ali Raza, Muhammad Shahid Munir and Muhammad Usman Saleem

Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku, Sheikhupura, 39018, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Fraz Ahmad Khan, Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku, Sheikhupura, 39018, Pakistan; Email: fraz465@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Rice harvesting is generally done by hand or with a combine harvester. The major challenges include loss of yield and quality during the harvesting process. Rice yield and quality losses may be minimized with the use of a suitable harvesting method. This study aims to evaluate the different paddy harvesting methods in terms of grain losses and head rice yield. This research evaluated the three harvesting methods: a Head-feed harvester (model PRO-588I-G, Kubota, Japan), a Whole-stalk harvester (model 8060, NH, Italy), and manual harvesting. The experiments were carried out on an area of 12,060 m2 with a complete randomized design (CRD) and three replications during the year 2021. The yield-related crop parameters were measured before harvesting. All crop parameters were non-significant except for the productive tiller, filled and unfilled grain, and 1000-grain weight which were significant at p < 0.05. The grain moisture content during harvesting was 21% which was within the recommended range. The effect of harvesting methods on grain losses and head rice yield was highly significant at p < 0.01. Higher grain losses (10.73%) and lower head rice yield (15.40%) were found in the Whole-stalk harvester. Lower grain losses (4.78% and 2.96%) and greater head rice yields (31.73% and 29.73%) were obtained using Head-feed harvesters and manual harvesting, respectively. In conclusion, the Head-feed combine harvesters are found to be a more practical choice for paddy harvesting.

To share on other social networks, click on any share button. What are these?

Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

June

Vol.37, Iss. 2, Pages 88-189

Featuring

Click here for more

Subscribe Today

Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits


Subscribe Unsubscribe