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Nidification and Breeding Success of Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Nidification and Breeding Success of Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) in District Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Tariq Ahmad1*, Anum Razzaq2, Hira Shahzadi2, Faiz Ur Rehman4, Li Bo1
Saif Ullah2, Omama Saqib1, Muhammad Tayyab Khan5, Muhammad Suliman1 and Ayesha Zulfiqar3

1Northeast Forestry University No.26, Hexing Road, Xiangfang District, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, China.
2Department of Zoology, Wildlife and Fisheries, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
3Department of Zoology, University of Jhang, Jhang, Pakistan.
4Government Superior Science College, Peshawar, Pakistan.
5Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Haripur, Haripur, Pakistan.
 
*      Corresponding author: Tariq.zoologist@yahoo.com

Fig. 1.

Breeding success (total nests, successful nests and failed nests) of spotted dove (Streptopelia chinensis) at different positive (A) and heights (B) (terminal, fork and middle). Successful nests produced eggs/chicks whereas unsuccessful nests produced none.

Fig. 2.

Breeding Success (Total no. of eggs, hatching and fledgling) of spotted dove in Village Takoro.

Fig. 3.

Nidification (A), hatchling (B) and predation (C, D) of spotted dove in village Takoro at District Dir Lower, KP, Pakistan.

Equation 1
Equation 2

Pakistan Journal of Zoology

August

Pakistan J. Zool., Vol. 56, Iss. 4, pp. 1501-2000

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