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Optimisation of Sowing Method for Seed Production in Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)

Optimisation of Sowing Method for Seed Production in Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)

Abdul Jabbar*, Anees-Ul-Hussnain Shah, Abdul Basit, Ghulam Ahmad, Aftab Ahmad Khan, Suleman Raza, Muhammad Sultan Ali Bazmi, Imtiaz Akram Khan Niazi and Ahmad Hussain

Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.

*Correspondence | Abdul Jabbar, Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan; Email: 


Berseem, a multi-cut fodder, is the best source of nutrition for animals. Seed is a key to get optimum yield of any crop. There are many factors affecting seed production but the sowing method is a major one. A study to assess the consequence of different sowing methods on seed production of berseem (SB-11) was directed at Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha, Pakistan during 2017-18 and 2018-19. Different sowing methods, broadcast and row spacing of 15cm, 30cm, 45cm, 60cm apart were used. Plant height (cm), number of capsules/m2, number of seeds/capsule, 1000-grains weight (g) and seed yield (kg/ha) parameters were studied. It was observed that sowing methods had a significant outcome on seed yield. The results depicted that broadcast sowing gave maximum seed yield of 954 kg ha-1 while the lowest seed yield (789 kg ha-1) was recorded in 60 cm row spacing sowing. In nut shell, broadcast method had the highest potential to achieve maximum seed yield in berseem clover. Appropriate sowing method is one of the important components in production technology of any crop. In Pakistan, at farmer level, berseem seed production is less because of non-availability of improved production technology and advance machinery. If results of the present study are made part of recommended production technology of berseem for farmers, it will enhance the seed production of berseem in Pakistan in future.

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research


Vol.37, Iss. 1, Pages 1-87


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