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Influence of Molybdenum and Phosphorus Application on Yield, Yield Components, Carbohydrates and Protein Content of Mungbean

Influence of Molybdenum and Phosphorus Application on Yield, Yield Components, Carbohydrates and Protein Content of Mungbean

Junaid Ahmad1*, Shazma Anwar1, Anwar Ali Shad2, Sher Shah Souri1, Bibi Amina3, Wajia Noor4, Abidullah1 and Muhammad Adil1

1Department of Agronomy, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 2Department of Agricultural Chemistry, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 3Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, The University of Agriculture Peshawar Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; 4Department of Botany, Sardar Bahadur Khan Women’s University Quetta, Pakistan.

 
*Correspondence | Junaid Ahmad, Department of Agronomy, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; Email: Junaid.agri@aup.edu.pk 

ABSTRACT

Pulses constitute an integral part of Pakistani diet and an important source of protein for a vast majority of the country and an important place in order to mitigate the protein requirements of increasing population. Mungbean has more protein contents and better digestibility than any other pulse crop. A field study was carried out at Agronomy Research Farm, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar in summer season 2018 with objectives to find out impact of molybdenum (0, 0.5, 1.5 and 2.5 kg ha-1) and phosphorus (0, 30, 60 and 90 kg ha-1) application on performance of mungbean. The trial was presented in randomized complete block design having three replicates. For molybdenum and phosphorus source, sodium molybdate and single super phosphate was used. The findings of trial indicated that molybdenum applied with 1.5 kg ha-1 to mungbean crop significantly improved pods plant-1 (29), seeds pod-1 (11), thousand seeds mass (38 g), biological and grain production (2960 and 777 kg ha-1) while highest nodules plant-1 (26), plant height (79 cm), protein (21.70 %), carbohydrates (60.53 %) and seed N content (3.76) was recorded with molybdenum applied at rate of 2.5 kg ha-1. Similarly in case of phosphorus application at rate of 60 kg ha-1 recorded maximum pods (30), seed pod-1 (11), thousand seed weightage (40 g), biological and grain production (3017, 816 kg ha-1). Whereas phosphorus applied at rate 90 kg ha-1 produced plants taller (81 cm), nodules plant-1 (22), protein (22.35 %), carbohydrates (61.11 %) and seed N content (3.60 %). Considering Mo x P, interactive effect was found significant for pods plant-1, protein, carbohydrates and seed N content of mungbean crop. On the basis of experimental consequences, it is clinched that mungbean crop with application of molybdenum and phosphorus at rate of 1.5 and 60 kg ha-1 boosted yield and yield attributes and thus recommended for higher productivity in agro ecological zone of study area.

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Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research

March

Vol.37, Iss. 1, Pages 1-87

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