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Mudasir Irfan Dar*, Fareed Ahmad Khan and Farha Rehman

E-mail | irfanmudasir@gmail.com

... Among the non-enzymatic antioxidants, a dose dependent decline was observed in Ascorbate (ASC), de- hydroascorbate (DHA) and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. The photosynthetic pigments showed slight increases over their respective controls at lower concentrations of the insecticide at all the growth stages, but at higher concentrations (30 and 40 g.a.i ha-1), both the pigments were decreased considerably at all the observed growth stages. These results sugg...

 Mukhtiar Ahmed, Jana Pickova, Taufiq Ahmad, Muhammad Liaquat, Abid Farid, Muhammad Jahangir

Laila M. Fadda1, Nouf M. Al-Rasheed1, Iman H. Hasan1, Hanaa M. Ali2,3*, Nawal M. Al-Rasheed1,4, Musaed Al-Fayez5, Aly M. Ahmed5, Nada Almutlaq1, Nehal Qasem1 and Reem Khalaf1

...h all the aforementioned antioxidants downregulated most of the elevated parameters compared to the APAP-treated group. Treatment with the combination of CUR and THQ was the most effective therapies in the attenuation of liver injury assessed by a decrease in ALT and ALP activities down-regulation of Bax and CD68 expressions. It was concluded that the combination strategy of THQ and/or CUR may be considered as a potential antidote in combating liver inj...

Taghreed A. Hafiz1, Murad A. Mubaraki1*, Mohamed A. Dkhil2,3 and Saleh Al-Quraishy2

...onducted to quantify the antioxidant and anti-viral activities of Capsicum annuum methanolic extracts. The extract of Capsicum annuum was prepared by maceration method and the total polyphenolic and flavonoids contents were determined using a spectrophotometric method. The antiradical scavenging property and the maximum nontoxic concentration of the extract was determined using DPPH assay and MTT method, respectively. Serial concentrations of the extract ...

Shazia Irfan1*, Asima Rani1, Muhammad Arshad2 and Razia Bashir1

...own. Reduced activity of antioxidants enzymes because of polymorphisms in antioxidant genes and variations in levels of metals and minerals creates oxidative stress may play some role in progression and pathogenesis of RA. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene polymorphism [rs2070424 (–251A/G)] in RA and to compare the levels of metals and minerals among its vario...

Muhammad Waqas1*, Anwar Ali Shad1, Omaira Bashir2 and Mohsin Iqbal3

...arotenoids showed higher antioxidant activity in comparison to 200 mg/kg Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Optimum cooking time, its weight and swelling index were remained same at different level of oil carotenoids tomato peel powder when compared with control. On the other hand spaghetti cooking becomes decrease by increase of carotenoids level in spaghetti when compared with control. Organoleptic evaluation of spaghetti prepared from lycopene revealed maximum...
Hamayun Khan1,*, Momen Khan2, Muhammad Subhan Qureshi3, Shakoor Ahmad1, Ali Gohar4, Hameed Ullah5, FarmanUllah6, Arab Hussain7, Pershotam Khatri8, Said Sajjad Ali Shah1, Hamid Rehman1 and Azmatullah Khan1
...nt–dervied natural antioxidant. The objective of this study was to explore the antioxidative effect of green tea extract on the cryopreserved bull semen. Experiments were carried out on Achai breeding bulls of similar age at the Semen Production Unit, Harichand, District Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Collection of semen was done using artificial vagina (42°C) for three weeks. Semen was extended in egg yolk extender at various inclusion levels (0.0%,...
Bushra Niaz1,*, Tahir Zahoor1, Muhammad Atif Randhawa1 and Amer Jamil2
...ariety of antimicrobial, antioxidant and immunomodulatory as well as a number of other biological functions. Its potential can be exploited in several food applications. Keeping in view the increased demand of natural antimicrobial agents to control prevalence of food borne pathogens in final packaged food products as well as for food preservation/ biocontrol, this study was designed to isolate lactoferrin from milk of camel. Cation exchange resin (CM-Sephadex...

Furukh Faiz1,2, Muhammad Issa Khan2, Masood Sadiq2 and Haq Nawaz3

...birds were preserved for antioxidant enzymes assay analysis. The data showed that as the citrus waste percentage in the feed of the broiler was increased, its feed intake and the body weight decreased but the citrus waste has non-significant effect on the feed conversion ratio of the broiler birds. The results also showed that citrus waste in the feed have positive effect on the antioxidant status of the broiler birds. The a...
Rana Muhammad Aadil1,2*, Xin-An Zeng1, Saqib Jabbar3, Akmal Nazir2, Abid Aslam Mann2, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal Khan2, Abdullah2, Amna Ramzan2
...ns, DPPH activity, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total flavonoids (TF) and total flavonols as equated to thermal and control, while ºBrix, pH and acidity remain unchanged in all HPP treatments with control and thermal. After this, we suggested that HPP treatment (250 MPa/60 °C/3 min) has a potential against thermal to progress the value of grapefruit juice and could be applicable at industrial scales.
...

Zahid Mehmood*, Alam Zeb and Muhammad Ayub 

...otal phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity, ascorbic acid) and organoleptic characteristics (flavor, color, texture and overall acceptability). The results revealed decrease (P<0.05) in pH, ascorbic acid, total phenolic content, antioxidant activity while increase in acidity, total soluble solids during six months storage. Decrease in score of organoleptic attributes was recorded during the storage. The results reveale...

 Zeenat Bano1,*, Sajid Abdullah1, Waqas Ahmad2, Muhammad Anjum Zia3 and Wardah Hassan1

...umulation and effects on antioxidant enzymes i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD) in vital organs (gills, liver and kidney) of fish, Cirrhina mrigala. The 3 different representative water samples and 60 fish samples (20 fish from each site) were collected from three sites i.e. fish-farm, hatchery and Indus River of Punjab, Pakistan. The results showed differences in physico-chemical parameters of water sampl...
Alim-un-Nisa1*, Sajila Hina1, Sania Mazhar1, Imran Kalim1, Ijaz Ahmad1, Naseem Zahra1, Shahid Masood1, Muhammad Khalid Saeed1, Qurat-ul-Ain Syed1 and Maida Asif2
... using preservatives and antioxidants like citric acid and determining its usefulness by applying on food products. Natural edible color was extracted from T. erecta gave lemon yellow color shade which when applied on candies increased the attractiveness. The spectrophotometric analysis at 474nm of extracted color both in crude form and in candies was found to be stable at 4oC and showed decay in mean lutein concentration at higher temperatur...
Nazish Shaukat1, Muhammad Javed1,Faiza Ambreen2* and Fariha Latif1
...quatic organisms possess antioxidant system to cope with the oxidative stress. This research was conducted to see the effect of lead on peroxidase activity (antioxidant enzyme) in the gills and liver of Labeo rohita. Experiment was conducted in the laboratory by exposing four groups of Labeo rohita to different doses of PbCl2 viz. 96-h, 2/3rd, 1/4th and 1/5th o...
Zhiping Hu, Hussain Ahmad, Jingfei Zhang, Lili Zhang and Tian Wang*
...f CON group. Serum total antioxidant capacity was higher and malondialdehyde content was lower in T1 group than that of CON group at 21d. Serum glutathione peroxidase enzyme activity was significantly increased in T1 group compared to CON group at 42d. Malondialdehyde content of liver in T1 group was lower than that of CON group. These results suggested that dietary supplementation of 10 mg/kg natamycin had a positive influence in broilers.
...
Kaori Sasaoka1, Takahiro Kataoka1, Norie Kanzaki1, Yusuke Kobashi1, Akihiro Sakoda2, Yuu Ishimori2 and Kiyonori Yamaoka1,*
...ne levels, and decreased antioxidant contents (catalase and glutathione). When BALB/c mice were treated with a lower dose of CDDP (15 mg/kg) after 1000 Bq/m3 radon inhalation, the creatinine level was reduced and the superoxide dismutase content was increased, suggesting that this combination might have a protective effect against the CDDP-induced renal damage. The supportive effect of radon inhalation shows its good potential as a candidate treatme...
Fazul Nabi1,2, Hui Zhang1, Muhammad Kashif Iqbal1 , Mujeeb ur Rehman1, Muhammad Shahzad3, Khalid Mehmood1,3 and Jiakui Li1,* 
...ith decrease in level of antioxidant enzymes and significantly increase in the MDA contents in TD afflicted chickens compared to control group. The SM administration to TD affected birds significantly ameliorated lameness, stimulated ALP level with a decrease in ALT and AST contents, increase in antioxidant parameter and decrease in MDA contents significantly (P<0.05). SM treatment of TD-afflicted birds prevented lameness...
Tayfun Karataş
...he serum metabolites and antioxidant enzymes, thiobarbituric acid reacting substance levels, endogenous reserves in liver and muscle tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Eight-days of fasting caused a significant decrease in glucose, total protein, triglyceride, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein and low-density lipoprotein levels as well as protein and lipid reserves in liver and muscle tissue of fish (p<0.05). The fasting period had n...

Irfan Ali Sabir1, Saeed Ahmad1*, Muhammad Nafees2, Ahmad Sattar Khan1, Maryam3 and Ishtiaq Ahmad

...K’, whereas, total antioxidants (0.68 mM Trolox g-1), total carotenoids (TC) (52.0 µg 100-1) and flavonoids (1.79 µg 100-1) were significantly high in ‘Faisalabad Selection’. Faisalabad Selection and ‘Surkha Burma’ exhibited high score for taste, flavor, texture, aroma and pulp color compared to other indigenous and exotic varieties. It is concluded that ‘Faisalabad Selection’, ‘Surkha Burma’ an...
Song Jiang1,2, Fa-lin Zhou1, Qi-bin Yang1, Jian-hua Huang1, Li-shi Yang1 and Shi-gui Jiang1*
..., which might induce antioxidant enzyme responses. Our findings suggest that SOD and GSH might play different roles in the response of the shrimp to low and high temperature, whereas NO might play an important role in the induction of many signaling pathways in response to thermal stress. Additional ATP was also produced after cold and heat stress, suggesting that more energy was required to cope with temperature extremes. Our findings indicate that temper...
Mehwish Aftab, Tariq Mahmud*, Muhammad Asim Raza Basra, Aqsa Gulzar, Sumaira Basharat and H.M. Junaid
... ICP. Schiff base showed antioxidant activity against diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (DPPH). The results showed that metal complexes are good antioxidant agents as compared to Trolox (standard) and ligand was less active as compared to Trolox. The Schiff base ligand and its metal (III) complexes showed antibacterial activity against E. coli, S. aureus by disc diffusion method and antifungal activity against Macrophomina ph...
Ashraf M. Mounir, A.N. El shahat* and A.M. Abdul Azeem
...es anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. Gamma-irradiation is used for decontamination of Boswellia tears to achieve satisfactory microbiological quality and public health safety. Hence, examining the effect of gamma-irradiation on the contents of Boswellia oleo-gum resin and also investigating the role of gamma-irradiate frankincense aqueous extract (GFAE) against ISO-induced MI in rats were the two aims of this study. The total phenolic c...

Asma Sohail1*, Aina Rafique2, Kashif Sarfraz Abbasi1 and Maryum Arif3 

...in an elevated amount of antioxidants and have potential antimicrobial activity. Effect of drying methods (sun-, oven- and freeze drying) on antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of date fruit powders from three varieties Zahidi, Aseel and Muzafati were investigated. The DPPH activity was significantly higher in Muzafati sundried date powder, whereas maximum phenolic and flavonoid contents were significantly higher in Muz...

Umair Riaz1*, Muhammad Ali Kharal2, Ghulam Murtaza3, Qamar uz Zaman4, Sana Javaid4, Hina Ahmed Malik3, Humera Aziz3 and Zafar Abbas1 

...stress through enhancing antioxidants activities, detoxifying toxic ions, regulating the uptake of nutrients and by mediating the transport and distribution of different hormones. Caffeic acid is actively involved in plant physiology and mechanisms of stress tolerance primarily utilized by plants for the synthesis of lignin which ultimately thickened cell walls and plant become resistant to ion toxicity sodium and heavy metal stress. It also reconciles the abs...
Tünay Kontaş Aşkar1,*, Şinasi Aşkar1, Olga Büyükleblebici2 and Murat Güzel3
...f malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, glutathione, nitric oxide, myeloperoxidase, adenosine deaminase and cytokines (TNF-alpha, IL-1β) were determined and compared with the healthy controls. Significantly high levels of plasma malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, myeloperoxidase, adenosine deaminase and cytokines and significantly low levels in total antioxidant capacity and glutathione levels were found in dogs with...
A.M. Abdul Azeem, A.N. El Shahat* and Ashraf M. Mounir
...otal phenolic content andantioxidant activity of pomegranate peel powder as well as to evaluate the effect of gamma-irradiated pomegranate peels extract (GPE) against biochemical alterations of lead induced testicular and hepato-toxicity in rats. From the results, it was obtained that gamma irradiation induced significant increase in the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of pomegranate peels powder. Concurrent ...

Fouzia Tabssum1, Qamar uz Zaman2*, Yinglong Chen3,4, Umair Riaz5*, Waqas Ashraf6, Ambreen Aslam2, Nusrat Ehsan2, Rab Nawaz2, Humera Aziz7 and Shamim ul Sibtain Shah8 

Ummad-ud-Din Umar1, Syed Burhan-ud-Din2, Muhammad Fahad Khan1, Ateeq ur Rehman1, Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi1*, Muhammad Asif Zulfiqar3, Azhar Ali Khan3 and Naila Ilyas1

...efense related enzymatic antioxidants. Highest enzymatic activity was observed in treated plants followed by inoculation with MYMV. Increase in resistance by the application of SA and BTH, antioxidant enzymatic activities of SOD, POD, CAT were also increased for second week. This revealed that SA and BTH can be used as a potential source for the activation of resistance for better management of MYMV by improving protection l...
Fariha Latif* and Muhammad Javed
...al techniques along with antioxidant parameters has gained considerable attention due to their use as biomarkers to assess contaminants impact on fish at earlier level of exposure. Fish from different species has diverse ecological needs and respond differently to the environmental stress conditions. Thus, the sensitivity, bioaccumulation and antioxidant capacities of three major carps Catla catla, Labeo rohita...
Muhammad Usman Ahmadand Ikram-ul-Haq*
...gate Technique where its antioxidant potential was compared with common reducing agent Cysteine-HCl (Cys-HCl). Four anaerobic bacterial strains (Anaerobaculum hydrogeniformans OS1, Akkermansia muciniphila, Bilophila wadsworthia, and Roseburia intestinalis) were selected as experimental models for this purpose. Significant improvement in cell density of Anaerobaculum hydrogeniformans culture with maximum OD600nm of ...
Iqra Bano1,*, Moolchand Malhi2, Pershotam Khatri3, Saeed Ahmed Soomro2, Hira Sajjad4, Ambreen Leghari5, Muhammad Awais2, Safia Kandhro6 and Shakeel Ahmed Lakho5 and Munaza Soomro7
...rous tubule and improved antioxidant status by enhancing the activities of GPx and T-SOD in both serum and testicular tissues.
...

 Xu Lijie, Obaid Ullah, Liu Haixing, Ihsan Ali, Zhongshu Li* and Nan-Zhu Fang*

...gulatory factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant pathways by binding to the promoters of antioxidant genes and regulates the expression of genes that associate with NADPH oxidase. To understand the role of PPARγ in the development of early embryos and define the mechanism responsible for the arrest in development during the maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT), we used an embryo model of oxidative damage by H2O2.

 Mahroze Fatima1*, Muhammad Afzal2 and Syed Zakir Hussain Shah3

...e substances (TBARS) and antioxidant enzyme activities. The minimum value of TBARS was recorded in VE150 group, which was increased again with supplementation of high vitamin E levels. Similarly, adequate supplementation levels (VE1000, VE1500) reduced the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities, which were increased by feeding high vitamin dosages. Supplementation of vitamin E decreased the s...
Huma Naz1,*, Sajid Abdullah2, Khalid Abbas2, Wardah Hassan3, Moazama Batool4, Shakeela Perveen5, Sadia Maalik4 and Sajida Mushtaq4
...gated on the activity of antioxidant enzymes viz. superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase and glutathione S-transferase in different organs (liver, gills, kidney, brain, heart and muscle) of fish, Labeo rohita. The LC50 of chlorpyrifos+endosulfan mixture was calculated as 1.95±0.02 μgL-1 for 96 h with the 95% confidence limits. The fish expose to the mixture (1:1) for 96-h. The results obtained from this study showed t...
Yuyu Wang, Gangchun Xu*, Zhijuan Nie, Quanjie Li, Nailin Shao and Pao Xu*
...ive enzymes activity and antioxidant status of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) reared in an in-pond raceway system (IPRS). Fish (initial average body weight: 35.68±2.12g) were randomly allotted to in-pond raceways (26.2m×5m×2.5m) stocked at two stocking densities (68 and 114 fish/m3, respectively). Fish were fed twice daily (08:00 and 17:00), and the daily ration feed was 4% of the body weight. No significant differ...
Xiaohui Yu, Shuai He, Liqiang Wang, Mengyang Kang, Yanjiao Zhu, Shuhui Wang and Xiuzhu Sun*
... the effect of different antioxidants on the semen cryopreservation in Guangzhong donkey by testing indices of sperm motility, mitochondrial activity, membrane integrity and arosome integrity. The results illustrated that compared with controls, above-mentioned indices of sperm were significantly improved under concentrations of Vitamin C (400 mg/L) and Vitamin E (600 mg/L) (P < 0.05). Moreover, physiological indices of donkey semen were significantl...
Fatima Tufail1, Sajid Abdullah1, Huma Naz2*, Khalid Abbas1, Laiba Shafique3
...an alter the activity of antioxidant enzymes in fish. T
hese parameters can be used as a good biomarker to evaluate the aquatic pollution.
...
Muhammad Naveed Sheas1, Haris Rasool2, Muhammad Nouman Rafique2, Muhammad Rizwan Tariq1*, Abid Muhammad1, Khubaib Ali1
...mistry was done in which antioxidant enzymes like SOD, Catalyze, Glutathione peroxidase were performed that shows significantly high levels in the blood than the group that was treated with nicotine and shows a positive correlation with the days at which the rat’s groups were given a supplemented feed. Total antioxidant capacity and antioxidative stress shows significant results by the selected treatment. 
...
Zeynep Soyer Sarıca1*, Meryem Eren2 and Meryem Senturk2
...bserved in the levels of antioxidant enzyme. It can be concluded that administration of 5 and 10 mg/kg B may have beneficial effects against lipid peroxidation caused by K2Cr2O7 in the brain tissue of rats. 
...
Maliha Ayub1, Muhammad Javed1, Fariha Latif 1*, Faiza Ambreen2, Komal Sabir1
...cts on the activities of antioxidant enzymes. These enzymes are effective in protecting the bio-molecules against the reactive oxygen species (ROS) and their harmful effects. This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of sub-lethal concentrations of manganese on antioxidant activity in the fish, Labeo rohita. Fish were acclimatized for two weeks in the cemented tanks prior to the start of experiment. Four groups (n=...
Sabbah M. Allam, T.M. El-Bedawy, M.H. Bakr and A.E.M. Mahmoud*
...d constituents, level of antioxidants in plasma, and presence and count of fecal pathogenic bacteria e.g. E. coli and Salmonella spp. Forty lactating Holstein cows, weighing 550±50 kg, with an average of 20 kg daily milk yield, were randomly divided into four groups (ten in each group). Animals were fed rations containing DOP at 0, 25, 50 and 75% substitution of yellow corn grains (R1, R2, R3 and R4, respectively). Digestion trail w...
Mo Chen1, Shad Mahfuz1, 2, Yan Cui1, Liying Jia1, Zhongjun Liu3 and Hui Song1, 4*
...tudy was to evaluate the antioxidant properties of serum and egg yolk in ISA Brown layer hens fed with mushroom (Flammulina velutipes) stembase (FVS). A total 150 hens of 30 wk old were grouped into 5 equal treatments with 5 replications of 6 hens each. Dietary treatments included basal diet as a control group; control diet including antibiotic (0.05% flavomycin) as an antibiotic group; 2% FVS fed group; 4% FVS fed group and 6%FVS fed group. The experimental d...

Nosheen1, Sajid Abdullah1, Huma Naz2* and Khalid Abbas1 

...s in fish. Evaluation of antioxidant in fish can reveal metal toxicity in the water ecosystem. Therefore, this experiment was planned to assess the acute affect of lead (Pb+2) on peroxidase (POD) activity in tissues viz. liver, gills, kidney, muscle, heart and brain of fish Catla catla exposed for 4-day. After each sampling (24-hr interval) fish were dissected and required organs were obtained. Results showed that the POD activity was augmented in all selected...
Fariha Latif1*, Muhammad Javed2, Hammad Ahmad Khan2 and Khalil-Ur-Rehman3
...nge in the activities of antioxidant enzymes viz. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POD). The Pb exposure caused a significant time and dose dependent increase in the SOD and POD activities in selected tissues of C. mrigala while a significant decrease in the CAT activity was also observed. Liver showed a significantly higher activity of all the three enzymes that could be due to its actively metabolic nature. Pb can inhibit the...
Saman Muhsin Abdulkareem* and Nadir Mustafa Nanakali
...he protective effects of antioxidant quercetin(QCT) were studied on indices of oxidative stress, liver enzymes activity and the expression of cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1) against hepatotoxicity induced by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in male rat. Thirty adult male Wistar rats randomly divided into five equal groups. TCDD and QCT were orally administered at the dose of 10µg/kg /day and 20 mg/kg/day, respectively by gavage dissolved...
Awais Bin Shahid1, Moolchand Malhi1,*, Saeed Ahmed Soomro1, Muhammad Giasuddin Shah2, Nazeer Hussain Kalhoro3, Asmatullah Kaka4, Rajoo Mal1, Muhammad Awais Soomro1Saba Parveen Samo1 and Muhammad Nawaz Sanjrani5
...llae morphology and antioxidant status in rumen of goats. A total of ten goats were randomly divided into two groups; control (C, n=5) and selenium yeast (SY, n=5). Animals were fed concentrate (2 % BW) as basal diet without (C) or with selenium yeast (SY, @ 0.3 mg.Se.kg-1.diet) supplementation. Hay and water was provided ad libitum. The results revealed that the molar concentrations of propionate and the total short ch...

Awais Ahmed Khan1*, Zafar Iqbal1 and Muhammad Atiq2 

...tion and by induction of antioxidant enzymes. This study was planned to evaluate the organic elicitors and to determine the biochemical changes in citrus fruit. 

...
Hu Liu1,2, Qifang Yu1,2, Xiaopeng Tang1,2, Chengkun Fang1,2, Sijia Chen1,2 and Rejun Fang1,2,*
...ration in eggs and serum antioxidant capacity in laying hens. Seven-hundred and twenty 21-week-old healthy Roman laying hens with a similar laying rate were randomly divided into 5 groups with 6 replicates of 24 hens. The experiment was designed by 2 × 2 factorial arrangement with two sources of Se and two levels of Se. The hens in control group were fed a basal diet without adding exogenous selenium source, and the hens in other four groups were fed bas...
Sameh S. Tawfik, Ahmed A. Elkady* and Ehab T. Mohamed
...es. TSE acts as a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory drug to prevent and/ or ameliorates the hazardous-effects of γ-rays
...
Ju Zhang1,2, Dong-Sheng Jia3, Shi-Hao Zhao1,2, Xiao-Liang Xie3, Hong Chen4 and Hai-Feng Li4,*

 

.../i>mutant nematodes. The antioxidant activity of HGQ was investigated by determining reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, paraquat-stress survival rate, malondialdehyde (MDA) content as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities.We observed that HGQ exerted little effect on the growth of wild-type N2 nematodes at concentration < 0.6 mg/ml, and 0.05 mg/ml of the HGQ significantly prolonged the lifespan and ...
Derya Kocamaz* and Elif Oruc
...e group, the activity of antioxidant enzymes was highest and the level of hormones was lowered. The group of the mixture pesticide showed the highest lipid peroxidation and protein carbonylation than only thiamethoxam or λ cyhalothrin exposure. In conclusion, the mixture of the insecticides showed a more toxic effect on the gonad of tilapia compared to individual pesticide exposures. In addition, the depuration period of 7 days was not adequate to elimi...
Fatima Hashim Abbas1,2* and Alaa Tareq Shakir Al-Hassnawi1
...e in the balance between antioxidants and oxidants in favor of the later can cause serious problems such as abortion. So the investigation of the oxidants/antioxidants status during early stages of pregnancy is urgently needed to help us solving such health issues. In this current study, One hundred and thirteen aborted women (73 known causes group, 40 unknown group) and control group (23 normal delivery women (control posit...

Asmaa A. Darwish 

...trace elements and total antioxidants capacity concentrations significantly (P< 0.05) decreased in the three diseased groups. Both of MMP-2 and MMP-9 yielded a sensitivity and NPV as 100% in the sheep pneumonia, arthritis and enteritis and correlated with some parameters in PG and EG. Ovine inflammatory conditions usually result in different clinicopathological changes. Monitoring of them may be useful in improving our therapeutic intervention and enhancing...
Mehtap Bayir*
...the best-known enzymatic antioxidants because of their central role in the antioxidant defense system. In this study, the phylogeny, gene structure, and conserved gene synteny of sod1 and sod2 genes in fugu—a model organism—were determined. Maximum amino acid similarity identity was found between putative fugu Sod1 and Sod2 proteins and their orthologs from teleost fish and tetrapods. Phylogenetic c...
Xuhui Zhang1, Zhiyuan Sun2, Jinfeng Cai1, Guibin Wang1, Zunling Zhu1, Linguo Zhao3 and Fuliang Cao1,*
...lus niger on growth, antioxidant capacity and meat quality of broilers. Three hundred day-old commercial Arbor Acres (AA) broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 5 dietary treatments including five variations: control group, fed with the basal diets; NF group, the addition of 3 g/kg NF products; FR1, FR2 and FR3 groups, addition of FR products 1 g/kg, 3 g/kg and 6 g/kg, respectively. There was no difference in body weight gain, feed intake and feed int...

Rehman Ullah Khan* and Muhammad Ayub 

...henolic compounds, total antioxidant capacity and sensory evaluation of guava aloe vera blended pulp. The treatments were as GABP0 (control), GABP1 (0.1% P.S), GABP2 (0.1% K.M.S), GABP3 (0.1% S.B), GABP4 (0.05% each P.S and K.M.S), GABP5 (0.05% each P.S and S.B), GABP6 (0.05% each K.M.S and S.B), GABP7 (0.033% each P.S+ KMS and SB). The guava aloe vera blended pulp samples of all treatments were packed in pet bottles and stored at ambient conditions for six mo...

Ahmad Naeem Shahzad1, Muhammad Kamran Qureshi2, Samee Ullah1, Muhammad Latif3, Shakeel Ahmad1 and Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari1* 

...lt stress. Activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase) in plant leaves were increased in response to salt stress. Treatment of stressed plants with trehalose considerably improved the growth attributes and reduced the activities of antioxidant enzymes, indicating its ameliorative role in salt stress alleviation. However, no improvement was noted in K+ and Na+ dynamics by trehalose applic...

Asmaa Abdallah Darwish 

...ign: justify;">Recently, antioxidant vitamins were prescribed in different treatment and prophylactic programs for human and animal. Unfortunately, few studies investigated their concentrations in different sheep diseases. So, this paper aimed to assess the antioxidant vitamins (E, A, D3 and C) levels in some sheep physiological and pathological conditions. For this purpose, 200 barki ewes were divided into control group, in...

Ghulam Mohi Uddin Paracha* and Yasser Durrani 

...scorbic acid content and antioxidant activity) and sensory evaluation of blends was carried out. The treatments in this study included BPo [peach persimmon blend (6:4)], BP1 [peach persimmon blend (6:4) + potassium sorbate (0.1%)], BP2 [peach persimmon blend (6:4) + potassium metabisulphite (0.1%)], BP3 [peach persimmon blend (6:4) + sodium benzoate (0.1%)], BP4 [peach persimmon blend (6:4) + potassium sorbate (0.05%) + potassium metabisulphite (0.05%)], BP5 [...

H. Liu1, X.P. Tang1, R.J. Fang1,*, F.Yi2, C. Zhang2, R.Q. Yang1, F. Sun1 and S.Y. Zhou1 

...e growth performance and antioxidant capacity, and reduce diarrhea incidence.
...

Hamza Tariq1, Imran Hayat1, Saima Rafiq1*, Aqsa Qayyum2 and Sohrab Qayyum1 

...igned to formulate a new antioxidant rich ready-to-serve (RTS) beverage by the combination of different ratios of apple and autumn olive juice (T1= Apple 100% + Autumn olive 0%, T2 = Apple 80% + Autumn olive 20%, T3= Apple 60% + Autumn olive 40%, T4 = Apple 40% + Autumn olive 60%, T5 = Apple 20% + Autumn olive 80%, T6 = Apple 0% + Autumn olive 100%) and to study its physico-chemical profile (pH, acidity, total soluble solids (TSS), reducing sugars, non-reducin...

Muhammad Mazhar Iqbal1*, Ijaz Ahmad2, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra3, Abu Baker Ijaz4, Zahid Hassan Tarar5, Muhammad Ansar6, Umer Iqbal7, Tayyaba Naz4, Bilquees Fatima8, Muhammad Akram9, Allah Wasaya10, Asif Iqbal11, Shakeel Ahmed Anwar12, Khalid Saif Ullah Khan13, Azeem Khalid14, Asif Aziz15 and Rashid Mehmood16 

...tability index (MSI) and antioxidants activities in heat stress. Moreover, foliar application of chemicals during normal and late planting improved the grain yield by increasing both the grain number and size. Foliar spray of SA, AsA and H2O2 may induce heat tolerance by improving antioxidant activities which stabilized membrane and maintaining relative water, chlorophyll and nutrient content in ear leaves of maize during he...

Haiyan Yang1, Hongxia Liu1, Wenlong Wu1*, Weilin Li2 and Lianfei Lyu

...hanced by activating the antioxidant system, and altering the levels of photosynthetic pigments. 

...

Mazhar Abbas1*, Kishwar Jam1, Rashid Iqbal Khan1, Muhammad Zafar-ul-Hye2, Tariq Rafique3 and Zahid Mahmood

...ns showed an increase of antioxidant activity by upgrading superoxide dismutase activity (64.42 U mg-1 protein), peroxidase activity (1.90 µmol min-1 g-1 protein), catalase activity (37.81 nmol-1 g-1 protein) and protein (6.28 mg g-1 fresh weight) contents. These commercial plant products based on amino acids enriched macro and micronutrients as well as acetyl-salicylic acid combined with ascorbic acid can be used carefully for expecting efficient produc...

Muhammad Ahsan Naseer1, Mehdi Maqbool1, Saima Rafiq2*, Noosheen Zahid1, Abdul Hamid1 and Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah1

Comparative Analysis of Physical and Biochemical Attributes of Edible Fig (Ficus carica L.) Collected from Three Districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Located at Different Elevations
...in C, total phenolic and antioxidant activity). Results showed that wild figs obtained from diverse localities have different attributes in terms of physical as well biochemical properties. Maximum fruits weight (6.24 g), fruits diameter (24.09 mm), and neck length (9.51 mm) was observed in fruits harvested from Arja location of Bagh District, while the minimum fruit weight (2.48 g), fruit diameter (16.69 mm), and neck length (2.81 mm) was observed in fruits h...
Safina Naz1, Syed Atif Hasan Naqvi2*, Bushra Siddique3, Muhammad Asif Zulfiqar4 and Abdur Rehman5 
 
Exogenous Application of Selected Antioxidants and Phyto Development Directors Influenced the Development, Output and Biochemical Attributes of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.)
...rophenoxyacetic acid and antioxidants i.e. Ascorbic acid and 2-hydroxybenzoic acid on development, fruit bearing, output along with biochemical attributes of Lycopersicum esculentum fruits during 2014 and 2015. Foliar spray of GA3(100 ppm) and 2-hydroxybenzoic acid (200 parts/million and 100 parts/million) give rise to significantly taller plants and greater leaf area while, shorter plants and lower leaf area was recorded in control. Greater leaf number per pl...
Mehwish Saleem Khan
Evaluation of Changes in Zinc Levels in Patients Suffering from Cancer
...ve anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agent, including as a natural cancer treatment.

...
Yaqiu Liu1, Zhijian Wang 2, Xinhui Li 1*, Jianrong Zhao2 and Weitao Chen 1
Jin-Juan Wan, Mei-Fang Shen*, Hui Xue, Hong-Yan Liu, Mei-Qin Zhang, Xi-He Zhu and Chong-Hua Wang

 

...y on growth performance, antioxidant status and immunity of juvenile red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkia (average weight: 3.01±0.02 g). Crayfish were randomly assigned to one of five feeding frequencies (1,2,3,4 and 5 times/day, F1, F2, F3, F4 and F5) following the same ration size for 60 days. After the feeding trial, fish were challenged with white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) and cumulative mortality was recorded for the next 4 days. The resu...
Muhammad Rashid, Mahmood Ahmad Sajid, Nosheen Noor Elahi, Sibgha Noreen and Kausar Hussain Shah*
 
...drought stress. However, antioxidant defense system and lipid peroxidation play a key role in drought tolerance. The current study was intended to investigate physiological adaptations for drought tolerance in different wheat varieties. Three weeks old seedlings of each wheat cultivar were challenged with drought stress by skipping irrigation. After the drought stress of two weeks, plants were subjected to morphological, biochemical and physiological investiga...
Ying Liu1, Shankun Liu1, Hui Wang2 and Weihua Su2,*
... scavenger and possesses antioxidant effect against the various diseases. Previous study suggests that the caffeic acid have potent anti-inflammatory activity. The aim of the current study was to scrutinize the protective effect of caffeic acid against the streptozotocin induced GDM in rats and explores the possible mechanism of action. A total 36 female rats were caged into the male rats for the pregnancy, and 33 female pregnant rats were collected and weight...
Eman A. Al-Shahari1,2, Abdelhalim A. Alkhazendar3, Eman R. ElBealy4 and Abeer A. Alm-Eldeen3*
...a polyphenolic, that has antioxidant activity. Therefore, this study was performed to examine the possible role of quercetin in modulating aging-induced testicular damage. Samples from 30-months old rats’ testis were examined before and after 200 mg of quercetin/Kg administration. Before quercetin administration, they showed an increase in the lipid peroxidation and 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine while showed a decrease in the superoxide dismutase act...
Yuanyuan Zhang1*, Liping Song1, Hui Guo2, Jun Wu1, Xiaoli Wang1 and Fangbin Yao1
...the hepatoprotective and antioxidant effects of curcumin against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver injury in common carp Cyprinus carpio. A 10-week feeding trial was carried out. A basal feed was supplemented with 0 (control), 30, 60, 120 and 240 mg/kg curcumin to formulate five experimental feeds. At the end of the feeding trial, the growth performance was determined. Subsequently, CCl4 was used for the model experiment. T...
Waseem Khalid1, Ali Ikram1*, Muhammad Rehan2, Farukh Adeem Afzal1, Saadia Ambreen1, Marryam Ahmad3, Afifa Aziz1 and Anam Sadiq1
...icrobial, anti-genic and antioxidant potential.
...

 Caner Öztürk1*, Mücahid Onay1 and Neşe Hayat Aksoy2

...protective effect of the antioxidants against sonication. Four merino rams (2–3 years old) were used for semen collection, and the ejaculates were pooled and divided into five equal aliquots. The samples were diluted with a solution having different additives at 37 °C. The first two groups contained L-Cystine as an additive (2 and 4 mM), the next two groups had methionine as an additive (2 and 4 mM), and the last group had no additives (control). Aft...
Ibrar Muhammad Khan1, Dezhi Xu1, Zubing Cao1, Hongyu Liu1, Adnan Khan2,  Sajid Ur Rahman3, Jam Zaheer Ahmed4, Muhammad Akmal Raheem5 and Yunhai Zhang1*
... performance. Hence, the antioxidants agents(L-cysteine and vitamin E) were added into semen diluent and assessed the freeze-thawed semen quality parameters. The ejaculates were collected from two crossbred groups (Sahiwal × Holstein-Friesian), and (Achai × Jersey) and, split into seven aliquots while extended with three different concentration (5, 7.5 and10 mmol) of L-cysteine diluents and followed by other three concentrations (1.2,...
Simeen Mansoor, Jabeen Farheen* and Meher Hassan
 

...tolerance via initiating antioxidant defense signaling.
...
Haris Setiawan1, Aris Winaya1,*, Herwintono Herwintono1, Mulyoto Pangestu2 and Yayuk Kholifah3
 

Rukhsar Ali* and Ali Muhammad
 

...compounds, total sugars, antioxidant activity, Vitamin C content) and sensory evaluation as color, taste, and overall acceptability stored at ambient conditions (25±2⁰C) for six months with twenty days interval. Based on sensory analysis, the best suitable blend was selected within different ratios of mango pulp and loquat pulp. The blended pulp with ratio (60:40) got the highest mean score of judges for overall acceptability which used for further st...

Memoona Tehseen1, Sajila Hina2*, Alim-un-Nisa2 and Naseem Zahra2

...ext-align: justify;">The antioxidant efficacy of the spinach extract was evaluated by addition in sunflower oil (SFO) as natural antioxidant. Three different concentrations of spinach extract, SFO-800, SFO-1600 and SFO-2400 ppm were supplemented to sunflower oil at 25oC and 60oC along with standard synthetic antioxidants butylated hydroxianisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). The s...
Alamaary Mohaammed Saad1,3, Abd Wahid Haron1*, Mohamed Ali2
Mark Wen Han Hiew1 and Lawan Adamu1
... and the capacity of the antioxidants could affect the OS level in the frozen semen. This study was to determine the addition of different concentrations of antioxidants to evaluate oxidative stress and fertility of frozen semen in horses. Seven stallion were used for semen collection in this study. A total of twenty ejaculates was collected from three healthy stallions twice a week for the experiments 1 and 2. All ejaculate...
Yawang Sun, Yongjiang Wu, Jingbo Chen, Zili Wang, Juncai Chen, You Yang and Guozhong Dong*
...PS concentrations. Total antioxidant capability and the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased with increasing LPS concentrations. Gene expression of antioxidants including SOD, NADPH-quinone oxidoreductase 1, and hemeoxygenase 1 were significantly increased at the LPS concentrations of 12.5 and 100 ng/mL. Both Fanconi Anemia complementation group D2 protein and Fanconi Anemia complementation group L had significan...

Mai A. Kilany1; Hanaa H.A. Gomaa1; Yousry E. Abo El-magd2 and Nermin Raafat2.

...OD) is a nuclear-encoded antioxidant enzyme that neutralizes free radicals. Val16Ala single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) is one of the most widely investigated SNPs in the MnSOD gene, where C to T transition resulting in the con-version of valine to alanine at amino acid 16 within the mitochondrial signaling se-quence. This study was designed to investigate the association of MnSOD gene SNP (Val16Ala) with HCV and HCV-related HCC to elucidate its possible rol...

Lala Rukh1, Muhammad Nadeem1, Tusneem Kausar1, Mian Anjum Murtaza1, Muhammad Luqman2*, Muhammad Bilal Shahid1 and Amal Shaukat3

...d protein digestibility, antioxidants and microbial count. Results showed that date bars are rich source of protein, fiber, carbohydrates and fat with good digestibility properties. Date pit powder and soy protein isolate incorporation enhanced the total antioxidants and DPPH activity in soy date bars however, decreasing trend was observed in total antioxidants and inhibition of DPPH radic...

Nashwa M. Helmy1, Ahmed S. Ahmed2, and Zeinab3 Y. Mohamed

...d cattle. The results of antioxidant both malondialdehyde (MDA) and catalase enzyme (CAT) showed significant increase while level of gloutathion (GSH), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and gloutathion peroxidas (GPX) showed significant decrease in infected cattle. Conclusion: Sero-survey, conventional techniques and PCR assay should be applied besides clinco-pathological for any cases with skin lesions as early as possible t...

Aliya Munir1, Sajid Abdullah1*, Huma Naz2*, Khalid Abbas1, Tanveer Ahmed3 and Zahid Farooq2

...e stress biomarkers like antioxidants enzymes have been successfully used in ecotoxicology field for evaluating the stress response of organisms exposed to pollutants. Therefore, this work was designed to evaluate the peroxidase (POx) level in kiney, gills and liver of fish Channa striata exposed to LC50 concentration (1.374µgL-1) of deltamethrin+endosulfan (DM+ES) mixture for 4-day. Sampling was performed after a 24-hr period. Fish were sacrificed and o...

Dilan Ozmen Ozgun1, Gonca Alak2, Arzu Ucar2, Sinan Bilginer3, Halise Inci Gul3, Mahmut Kocaman2, Cem Yamalı3, Veysel Parlak2, Muhammed Atamanalp2, Ahmad Maslat4 and Telat Yanık2*

...riment. Effects of B4 on antioxidant enzymes of gill and liver, and changes in hematological parameters were determined in rainbow trout. For this purpose, rainbow trout alevins were exposed to 0, 0.25, 0.5, 1 and 2.5 mg/L of B4 and 1 ml of DMSO for 96 hours. Blood samples were collected for hematological analyzes and mortalities were recorded daily. Exposure to B4 caused significant changes in antioxidant enzymes of gill an...
Mengke Wang1, Shucheng Huang2, Cai Zhang1*, Haizhou Gong1
Shunan Cuan1, Shuaishuai Wang1, Qi Shao1, Wenhao Xu1, Sudan Meng1
Pengfei Li1, Yuqin Wang1 and Zijun Yang1
...ver lipid metabolism and antioxidant capacity of laying hens is unclear. The current study examined the ameliorative effects of monoammonium-glycyrrhizinate (MAG) on liver lipid metabolism and antioxidant capacity in laying hens. One hundred eighty 320-day-old Hy-Line brown laying hens were allocated to five equal groups and administrated with the concentrations of 0 (control), 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/L of MAG supplementatio...
...eatment (bronchodilator, antioxidant, expectorant antitussive) and the research group (n=100) given pulmonary rehabilitation combined with tiotropium bromide treatment. The BODE indexes of two groups were compared and observed at 4 and 8 months of follow-up. After four months the research group showed significant improvement in dyspnea, 6MWD, FEVl% pred, BMI and BODE index, p<0.05. At eight months of treatment, the improvement was sustained for all outcomes...

Muhammad Aftab1*, Aneela Riaz2, Ghulam Sarwar3, Muhammad Arif1, Qudsia Nazir1, Ifra Saleem1, Sarfraz Hussain1, Abid Ali4, Abid Niaz1, Fakhar Mujeeb4, Khalid Mahmood5 and Sarfraz Nawaz6

...on their side, efficient antioxidant defense system developed in plants, which having lower molecular weight of antioxidants. It also reduces (ROS) enzymatic activities including catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Under combined stress conditions agronomic, bio-chemical, quality and over all yield reduces, which is an alarming situation for agriculture sector. To assess the K effect on bio-chemi...
Congfen Zhang1,Yingxiao Liu2, Linfeng He2, Fengjun Shi2, Weitang Yao2 and Xuegang Luo2,*
...nyi, as an important antioxidant tissue, can increase the expression of oxido-reductas system enzymes by promoting the expression of SOD, CAT, GST and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) to improve the body’s response to heavy metal stimulation injury. Our results collectively support a relationship between uranyl acetate and alterations in the levels of antioxidant enzymes in A. pernyi fatbodies. The activ...

Amina, Muhammad Zahid Rashid and Amina Rashid

...lic compounds as well as antioxidants.

...
Amr N. El-Shahat1, Refaat G. Hamza1,*, Ashraf M. Mounir1 and Madeha N. Al-Seeni2
...been reported to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study was designed to determine the possible protective effects of graviola fruit juice (GFJ) against radiation induced oxidative stress and biochemical alterations in the liver and kidney of male albino rats.In the present study, gamma- irradiation (2 Gy every 3 days up to 8 Gy total doses) induced biochemical and oxidative damage in rats when compared to control group. In GFJ ...

Vladimir Safonov 

...rsely affect the oxidant-antioxidant status of the animal since this microelement belongs to the most important antioxidant defense enzyme glutathione peroxidase. This article examines the intensity of lipid peroxidation processes and the functioning of the antioxidant defense system in pregnant and calved cows in the area with selenium favorable agrobiocenoses (Voronezh region, Russian F...

Sanjeela Sabahat1*, Juliya Abbasi2, Mushtaq Ahmad1, Saima Mumtaz1, Taj Naseeb Khan1, Sudheer Tariq1 and Muhammad Imran1

...vitamin C, manganese and antioxidants. In Pakistan, except for a few low-temperature regions, it is mainly grown as an annual fruit crop where runners are transplanted every year. Owing to its short growing period and high profitability, it is mostly produced by small scale farmers. However, the changing climate from the past few years has affected strawberry production in Pakistan. Heavy rainfall, along with hailstorms causes damage at the fruit initiation st...

Faryal Malik, Mudassar Nawaz Khan* and Israr-ud-Din

...val at morphological and antioxidant enzymes (catalase; CAT, superoxide dismutase; SOD, and peroxidase; POD) levels. Wheat varieties were grown for 15 days, flooded for 6 days and then recovered for 8 days after removal of flooding stress. The shoot pigmentations were suppressed as they turned pale under flooding stress but recovered to green when observed at the end of recovery period. The morphological parameters of shoot & root lengths and weights were ...

Arkan B. Mohammed*, Ammar S. Abdulwahid, Samah M. Raouf 

...production, egg quality, antioxidant and biochemical parameters of laying hens. One hundred and eighty Hy-line Brown hens, 40 weeks old were randomly divided into 9 groups of 20 hens and subjected to one of the following treatments: T1 (control diet), T2 (5g/kg of thyme), and T3 (10g/kg of thyme). Each treatment was tested using three groups of hens, which were subject to treatments from 40 to 47 weeks of age. The productive metrics were measured on daily and ...
Elfadil Elfadul Babiker1, Khalid Ahmed Abdoun2*, Fahad AL Juhaimi1, Kashif Ghafoor1, Riyadh Salih Aljumaah2 and Ahmed Abrahim Al-Haidary2
...centration and the total antioxidant capacity of serum increased by > 33% in animals fed on Moringa-supplemented diets. Dietary supplementation with Moringa enhanced serum catalase activity by > 9% as a function of feeding period. Animals fed on Moringa-supplemented diets also showed reduced serum concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) by > 45% compared with AHD-fed animals. Reductions in the serum concentrations of glucose by 14 to 41%, and that of c...

A.M. Abdul Azeem, Ashraf M. Mounir and Amr N. El-Shahat*

...disorders.

...

Chunjie Song1, Shangquan Gan2 and Xiaoyun Shen1,3*

...ameter, serum immune and antioxidant indices were measured. The results showed that the P. przewalskii were sensitive reaction, increased appetite, and no diarrhea in the modified Yujin powder group. The healing rates were 75%, 85%, and 60% in low-dose group, high-dose group, gentamicin sulfate group, respectively. The effects of modified Yujin powder was better than gentamicin sulfate. The contents of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), malondialdehyde (MDA), and the ...

Lanjie Li1, Jingjing Zhang2, Ruiyan Zhang2, Ning Zhang2, Zixiang Wei2, Guiqin Liu1,*, Riaz Hussain Pasha3, Muhammad Akram Khan4 and Saif-Ur-Rehman5

...ed for the extraction of antioxidant oligopeptides from donkey meat by two-step enzymatic hydrolysis. The influence of enzymolysis on the degree of hydrolysis (DH) and protein recovery (PR) were evaluated, and the chemical composition, antioxidant activity, and molecular weight distribution of oligopeptides in hydrolysates were studied. The optimum enzymatic hydrolysis conditions were identified at 5.96 pH, 0.7% enzyme-subst...
Damat Damat1*, Roy Hendroko Setyobudi2, Juris Burlakovs3, Zane Vincēviča-Gaile4
Devi Dwi Siskawardani1, Rista Anggriani1 and Anas Tain5
...bohydrate, protein, fat, antioxidant activity, fiber content, water absorption index, color intensity, and sensory evaluation. The data were analyzed by ANOVA and continued according to Duncan’s multiple range test. The results showed that all formulas of analog rice produced from arrowroot starch, with the addition of seaweed pulp and spices, fulfill the chemical and physical properties of paddy rice requirements according to Indonesian National Standar...

Saydat Saad1, Doaa Abdel-Fattah1, Tarek Khamis2, Aya El-Sobky1* 

...uding anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and antifungal properties. Low bioavailability, solubility, absorption, and untargeted control, the advantages of free form propolis are limited due to previous reasons. Nano-propolis is made using a variety of nanoencapsulation processes. Because of their smaller size, nano-propolis is more utilized by the body than the free one. This study focuses on some current research on the application of nanotechnology ...

Ayman M. Khalifah1*, Walaa A. Kashyout1, Sara A. Abdalla2, Hassan S. Zeweil3, Soliman M. Zahran3, Tarek A. Ebeid4, Waleed M. Dosoky3 

...e, kidney functions, and antioxidant profile of laying quails. In conclusion, Cr-Met supplementation to laying quails diets at 0.4 and 0.6 g Cr-Met/kg under HS enhances performance traits, yolk lipid Profile, and blood traits of quails.

Keywords | Heat stress, Quails, Blood traits, Yolk fatty acids, Chromium  

...
Muhammad Tariq1, Imtiaz Rabbani2, Muhammad Shahbaz Yousaf2, Imdad Ullah Khan1*, Hafsa Zaneb2, Sajid Iqbal3, Alam Zeb Khan1, Shakirullah1, Muhammad Shuaib Khan1, Atta Ur Rehman1 and Mumtaz Ali Khan2
...ed with the inclusion of antioxidants in semen extender at the time of cryopreservation. In the current study, semen from four (n=4) healthy Nili Ravi buffalo bulls was collected through artificial vagina and Gallic acid was added to the semen at 1 µM, 15 µM, 30 µM, 45 µM, 60 µM, and 100 µM. A total of six groups were prepared. One group was kept as control where no Gallic acid was added. After the addition of extender, seme...

Doaa Sh. Mohamed1, Nema S. Shaban2 , Mai M. Labib3, Olfat Shehata4 

...lants have medicinal and antioxidant properties. The purpose of the current investigation was to investigate if almond oil could protect male mice against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. The experimental mice were divided into three groups; control group: received 0.9 percent saline, doxorubicin group: Mice were intraperitoneal injected with doxorubicin (5 mg/kg) ithree times over a period of two weeks (dose every five days) and almond oil group: Mice were...
Ghada Mohamed Safwat1*, Mohamed Ahmed Kandiel1, Omayma A.R. Abozaid2, Mahmoud Mohamed Arafa3, Sahar Omar Mohamed4
...id profile, fatty acids, antioxidants concentrations in serum and/or egg yolk and on gene expression of fatty acid synthase and acetyl CoA carboxylase in laying hens. The experiment was applied on 42 Commercial Mandarah strain laying hens which divided equally into control and olive cake (7%) group.Addition of olive cake (7%) led to a significant increase in serum and egg yolk HDL-C and a significant decrease in TAG, cholesterol, LDL-C and VLDL concentrations....

El-Kholy KH1, Tag El-Din H1, Tawfeek FA2, Sara HM Hassab1* 

...e used as a safe natural antioxidant for improving reproductive status in heat-stressed hens.

Keywords | Phytogenic, Hyperthermia, Endocrine hormones, Productive traits, Layer hens 

...

Hafiza Mehwish Iqbal1, Qurrat Ul Ain Akbar1, Saqib Arif1, Shahid Yousaf2*, Salman Khurshid1, Saqib Jabbar2, Neelofar Hamid3 and Uzma Sitara1

...tal soluble solids) TSS, antioxidant activity using 2, 2-diphenyl, 1-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and antimicrobial activity in Roma VF tomato variety was assessed within three different mature levels viz., green, pink and red. Outcomes from recent study pointed out that maturity levels involved to change the quality of tomato. Moisture and ash increased with the maturity ranged from 89.38±0.54 to 93.34±0.48 and 0.35±0.02 to 0.41±0.02% re...

Asmaa Sh. Fayed1*, Safaa M. Abo El-Soud2 

...cid/ zein wax film as an antioxidant and antimicrobial food packaging material, focusing on the quality, shelf life, and antioxidant properties of veal meat chunks during refrigerated storage. After coating meat samples, we analyzed their microbial, chemical, and sensory properties after 0, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 11 days of chilled storage. GA/ zein wax sheets significantly reduced (p < 0.05) the abundance levels of total bacter...

Mohamed Abd El-Fattah Abo-Farw1, Maged Ahmed Aboul-Omran1, Abdel-Khalek El-Sayed Abdel-Khalek2* 

...eproductive performance, antioxidant, hormonal profile and trace elements in Egyptian buffaloes. A total of 90 multiparous lactating Egyptian buffaloes (500-600 kg live body weight, 5-7 years old, 3-5 parities, and 10.75 ± 2.66 kg/day milk yield were used in this study. The buffaloes were managed and feed at similar traditional conditions. Mastitis diagnosis was performed 21 days after calving, then animals (n=90) were grouped to normal (n= 75), and cli...

A. Samy1*, H.M.A. Hassan1, Fatma T.F. Abd-El Ghany2, Shama H. Morsy2 

...cass characteristics and antioxidant status. Sixty growing rabbits (APRI) were divided into five groups of 12 rabbits each at the age of six weeks. Five diets containing the same proportions of all nutrients were made. The first control diet (without any additives); curcumin (CE) or garlic extract (GE) at concentrations of 200 or 400 ppm were added to the other diets. The results revealed that adding curcumin or garlic extract to growing rabbit diets boosted s...

Nabila Khan1, Imran Ahmad2 and Muhammad Bilal Sadiq1*

...ond hull extract. Due to antioxidant and antimicrobial potential, almond hull extract can be utilized as a functional food ingredient, and natural preservative.
...

Alaa Jaheen*, Noha Salem, Mohamed El-sherif 

...cal alterations, oxidant/antioxidant changes, and protein and lipid profiles in horses suffering from equine eczema. Thirty (30) horses were included in this study (20 males, 10 females), classified into the healthy control group (n = 10) and the equine eczema group (n = 20). All horses were subjected to a complete physical examination. Blood samples were collected for hematological profile and estimation of serum concentration of total <...

Ibrahim Samir Abd El-Hamid1*, Wafaa Adel Abd Fouda1, Hesham Attia Shedeed1, Safaa Ali Mostafa1, Ahmed Mohamed Elbaz2, Salah Abo Bakr2, Baliegh Hamdy Mosa1, Ali Saber Morsy1, Amal Mohamed Hasan1, Khamis Refaay Emam3 

...lood constituents, total antioxidant capacity, reproductive performance and productivity of Hi-Plus doe rabbits under North Sinai conditions. Forty-five Hi-Plus doe rabbits aged 5 months and body weight with an average of 3060.2±21.0 g were used from June to September 2020. Does were randomly divided into three equal groups, n= 15 for each group. The 1st treatment (Tr1), served as control. The 2nd treatment (Tr2), received 5 g of microalgae N. oculata /...

Rasha Ali Taha Hamza1, Atef Saad Osheba1, Hassan Mohamed Sobhy2, Sahar Hussein Abdalla Hekal2* 

...work is to determine the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities as well as total phenolic and flavonoids contents in both water and ethanolic extracts of galangal and sumac extracts. Also, the effect of previous extracts on quality attributes of beef burger was evaluated. The ethanolic extracts of both galangal and sumac were shown to have significantly higher total phenolic and flavonoid contents than the aqueous extract, in particular 90% Ethanol Extract, ...

Md. Serajul Islam1,2, Hongxin Wang1,2,*, Amer Ali Mahdi1, Mohamed Ismael Ahamed2, Zaixiang Lou1 and Fu An Wei3

...thermal treatment on the antioxidant activities (ABTS, DPPH, and FRAP) of muscle, liver, hard shell, bone, and skin from grass turtle (Chinemys reevesii) by direct QUENCHER procedure. The results showed that the highest ABTS capacity was found in cooked muscle at 10 min (110.133± 4.153 g trolox Eq./kg). On the other hand, DPPH and FRAP capacity were found in cooked muscle at 20 min which were 68.966±0.937 and 37.437±1.027 g trolox Eq./kg, ...

Tao Ren1, Guiqiu Cao2, Xiao Han3, Feng Tan1, Qiaoli Chen4, Shicheng Yang5 and Haiyan Zhang6*

...oid possesses the potent antioxidant potential and it is proposed to be useful in the treatment of CVD. In this experimental study, we aimed to scrutinize the cardio-protective effect of naringenin against the I/R induced myocardial injury and elucidate the possible mechanism of action. In vitro studies, the H9c2 cardiomyocytes cells were treated with naringenin or without naringenin and then subjected to I/R, respectively. At end of the experimental study, th...
Chinar Mustafa Mohammed1*, Thamer M. Bashir1, Omar A.M. Al-Habib2, Farhad Ramadhan1, Mohammed Bassam1
...gical actions, including antioxidant activity, modulation of calcium homeostasis, and antiapoptotic effects. There is mounting evidence supporting the utility of taurine as a pharmacological agent against heart disease, including chronic heart failure. This study investigated the potential protective effects of taurine, on behavior and cardiovascular function in the male rat following arrhythmia induced by the social stressor. Here, we studied levels of heart ...

Hany M.R. Elsherif1, Ahmed Orabi2, Hussein M.A. Hassan3, Ahmed Samy3*

...bulin, T3, T4, and total antioxidant capacity levels were dramatically increased, while alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and urea levels remained not affected. Adding SF, SA, or SP to broiler diets significantly improved immunological state (P<0.05) via enhancing avian influenza (H5) and Newcastle disease (ND) titers. Accordingly, OAS’s as natural feed additives could improve broiler performance and immunological state...
Asmaa Khamis1, Osama Abdalla1, Mohamed Hashem2, Noha Abdelnaeim1*
...f malondialdehyde (MDA), antioxidants, apoptotic markers, cytokines, and histopathological changes. Our results revealed a significantly increased MDA, caspase-3, p53, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-18 and, IL-10, and a significant decline in glutathione and superoxide dismutase in the CCl4 group. However, intoxicated groups treated with PN and PM showed marked improvement in the measured parameters. Therefore, PN and PM have
Noha M El-Motaily1, Ossama M Abdou1, Heba S Farag1, Kawkab A Ahmed2, Mahmoud Saber1*
... Beside detection of the antioxidant trace elements (Zn, Cu, Se) levels in dogs suffering from demodicosis. Results showed significant decrease in the value of (PCV) and (TEC). Affected dogs also showed leukocytosis associated with lymphocytosis. Hypothyroidism demonstrated by reduced levels of free T4 and significant decrease in antioxidant trace elements level (Zn, Cu, Se).
 
Keywords |

Iram Liaqat1*, Umaima Bibi2, Muhammad Arshad3 and Najma Arshad2*

...to discover new and safe antioxidant compounds from natural sources, to reduce oxidative injury to the cells and overcome oxidative deterioration of foods affecting human life. The study was designed to assess the antioxidant capability of six selected medically principal plants; Hyssopus officinalis, Origanum vulgare, Thymus vulgaris, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Cordia latifolia and Zizyphus jujuba. Antioxi...

Nur Prabewi , Supriyanto, Budi Purwo Widiarso* 

...iotic residues, low antioxidant and tenderness value, and protein instability upon heating, thus it needs special treatment. Marination is a flavored liquid that serves as the ingredients of the meat marinated, and is usually used to improve the yield and shelf-life of meat. The research aims to study the effect of herbal marination on the quality characteristics of broiler meat. The variables measured including

Amal Ramadan Fawy1, Hussein Yousef Ahmed2, El-Sayed S.E. Shabana3, Mohamed Abdelfattah Maky4*

...l, Fat replacer, Natural antioxidant
...

Xing Lu1, Mahmoud A.O. Dawood2, Fan Wu1, Hua Wen1, Wei Liu1, Juan Tian1, Ming Jiang1, Li-Juan Yu1, Xiang Li3, Ning Xu3 and Hong-Wei Liang1*

...ntration, and induce the antioxidant- and lipometabolism-associated genes expression in Chinese soft-shelled turtle.

...
Aiman Al-Mufarji1, Abd El-Nasser Ahmed Mohammed1*, Haitham Al-Masruri2, Rashid Al-Zeidi3
...ntibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant and anti-tumour have been well established. The valuable chemical constituents of microalgae include “proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, PUFAs, vitamins, pigments and other bioactive compounds”. The microalgae composition varies depending on species and nutrient availability for production. Genetic engineering might be used for production invaluable microalgae compounds. Microalgae consider a promising source of...

Imtiaz Ahmed*, Imran Khan and Zia Ud Din

...n, phenolic contents and antioxidant activity. In this study, chamomile and wild thyme powders were first mixed at equal proportions and wheat flour was then replaced with the mixture at 1 , 2 and 3 % incorporation levels, to prepare composite test bread.Total polyphenols, total flavonoids content and antioxidant potential of the wheat flour, chamomile powder, wild thyme powder, mixture of chamomile and wild thyme at the rat...

Muhammad Hammad Fayyaz*, S. Murtaza Hassan Andrabi and Muhammad Shafiq Haider

...ential doses of combined antioxidants (0.5 mM GLU+ 5mM CYS, 0.5mM + 10mM CYS, 1mM GLU + 5mM CYS, 1mM GLU + 10mM CYS and Control). At post-thawing, progressive motility, plasma membrane integrity (PMI), and livability of buck spermatozoa were higher (P< 0.05) with 1mM GLU and 10mM CYS as compared to control. In the second experiment, post-thaw progressive motility, PMI, and livability were higher (P< 0.05) with 1mM GLU + 10mM CYS and 1mM GLU + 5mM CYS com...

Dede Kardaya*, Dewi Wahyuni, Elis Dihansih 

...ions is not appropriate; antioxidant supplementation is considered necessary. Leaves of Asam gelugur (Garcinia atroviridis) contain hydroxy citric acid and other active substances that function as antioxidants, so the use of them in ration is expected to improve the meat quality of spent layer ducks. Sixty spent layer ducks were fed four rations including commercial rations (R1), nonconventional rations + 2% As...

Muhammad Ajmal Khan1, Muhammad Yahya2*, Ali Hazrat2, Javed Khan3, Saeed Jan4, Tabinda Nowsheen2 and Inam Ullah5

...tochemical constituents, antioxidants, and antibacterial activities of methanolic extracts of T. camphoratum leaves. The methanolic extract was quantitatively evaluated for alkaloids, flavonoids and terpenoids contents. The antibacterial activity of methanolic leaves extract of T. camphoratum was carried out against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains through agar well diffusion assay (small wells were made with cork borer and 6μl of plant ext...

Hamdy Abdala Elnagar1, Wael Mohamed Wafa1*, Abdel-Khalek El-Sayed Abdel-Khalek2

...eproductive performance, antioxidant capacity, and health status of lactating cows. This study included 20 Friesian lactating cows (480±22.7 kg LBW, 2-4 parities and 4.5-6 years old). In day 15 postpartum, cows were divided into four groups, 5 cows/group. Cows in the 1st group represented the control group without treatment (G1). In G2, cows were orally treated with 1.2 g NAC/100 kg BW for 7 days, while 100 ml of 2% NAC solution was infused intrauterine...
Muhammad Kashif Iqbal1*, Khalid Mehmood2,4, Shakeel Ahmed3, Fazul Nabi4, Muhammad Arif Rizwan1, Muhammad Kaleem1, Mushtaq Ahmed1, Abdul Waheed1 and Jiakui Li5
...y was to investigate the antioxidant capacity of FK228 and role of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and Flk-1 genes in thiram induced TD. One hundred and fifty broiler chicks were equally divided into 3 groups: control; thiram fed; and FK228 treatment group. Expressions of VEGF and Flk-1 genes were analyzed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) on day 10 and 14 post-hatch. Liver damage caused by thiram was analyzed through leve...

Hairul Islam M. Ibrahim1,2, Abdalla A. Sayed1,3, Abdel Naser A. Ahmed4,5 and Emad A. Ahmed*1,6

...nd propolis. It has high antioxidant and neuroprotective effect. The present study was designed to evaluate the immunomodulatory properties of pinocembrin (PCB) and the anti-apoptosis effects using in vitro and in vivo mice splenocytes and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in C57BL/6j female mice, respectively. The reduction of clinical symptoms and disease index were evaluated by histochemical analysis. T-cell population and cytokines levels in ...

Muhammad Akram1*, Muhammad Imtiaz Shafiq2, Amber Malik3, Farmanullah Khan4, Munir Ahmad Bhinder5 and Muhammad Sajjad6

...e most important natural antioxidant defense mechanisms include endogenous glutathione concentration, superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione S-transferase (GST). GST neutralizes reactive oxygen species to regulate physical homeostasis in the body. The target of this study was to evaluate the molecular role of GST genotypic polymorphism involved in the development of CVD. For this case-control study, a total of 504 participants including 261 CVD patien...

Eman A. Al-Shahari1,2, Eman R. ElBealy3, Abdelhalim A. Alkhazendar4 and Abeer A. Alm-Eldeen4*

...ative injury through its antioxidant activity. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the possible role of quercetin in modulating liver’s function and structure in aged male rats. Forty eight male albino rats (3 and 30 months old) were used. Half of the rats at each age received 200 mg quercetin/Kg every other day for 2 weeks. Thirty months old rats showed a decrease in the liver AST, albumin, SOD, CAT and GPx while showed an increase ...

Aysam Fayed1, Mohga A Ibrahem2, Soha A. Hassan3, Mohammed Abdalla Hussein4*, Tamer Roshdy1  

...ective was to assess the antioxidant capacity of cranberry extract in high-fat diet-induced obesity. For eight weeks, 36 white albino rats weighing 197±10 g were selected at random to five groups: Group I was administered a regular diet; Group II was fed a high-fat diet; Group III was given a high-fat diet plus cranberry extract (75 mg/kg); Group IV was fed a high-fat diet with cranberry extract (150 mg/kg); and Group V was fed a high-fat diet plus metf...

Ezz Ibrahim Khalifa, Ahmed Loly Ibrahim Desoky, Adel AbdElaziz Elbadawy, Gamal Ibrahim El-Emam, Tarek Messlam Mahmoud Mahdy* 

...n and streptomycin), and antioxidants (vitamin E), which served as control extender (E0). However, 2nd, 3rd, 4thand 5th replicates were serviced as trial extenders as E1, E2, E3, and E4, which supplied 0.50, 1.00, 1.50, and 2.00 % of BBE as natural sources of energy, antibiotic and antioxidant, respectively. Results indicated that adding BBE to E1, E2, E3, and E4 extenders has increased (P<0.05) in all sperm characteristi...

Haitham Al Masruri1, Rashid Al Zeidi2, Aiman Al Mufarji3, Abd El-Nasser Ahmed Mohammed3, Ahmed Al-Madani4, Al-Hassan Mohammed5* 

...productive performances, antioxidants, and milk production and composition have been well documented. M. oleifera contains valuable chemical constituents such as proteins, essential fatty acids, vitamins, and beta-carotene. The M. oleifera composition varies depending on nutrient availability for production, species, and lifespan of trees. Extracts of leaves and seeds were used for the production of invaluable compounds. Knowledge of M. oleifera impacts on pro...
Allah Bakhsh1, Attiq Akhtar2, Fiaz Hussain3, Hafiz Wasif Javaad4, Inam ul Haq5* and Humara Umar
..., total sugars (10.85%), antioxidant activity (75.75%) and minimum value of titratable acidity (0.15%). The results suggested that among studied fig cultivars, Black Ball is a premium fig cultivar having superior physical and chemical features which can be used in future breeding programs and establishment of commercial orchards in Soan Valley area of Punjab, Pakistan.

...

Muhammad Umer Chattha1, Muhammad Ilyas2, Imran Khan1, Athar Mahmood1, Muhammad Bilal Chattha3*, Ambreen Fatima4, Muhammad Iqbal5, Muhammad Tahir Akbar6, Muhammad Mahmood Iqbal5, Faran Muhammad7, Muhammad Talha Aslam1 and Muhammad Umair Hassan1

...ynthetic performance and antioxidant activities.

...

Entesar Z. Eliraqy1*, Basant M. Shafik2, Yasser S. Hussein1, Abdelwahab A. Alsenosy3, Emad A. Abd allah1, Mohamed F. Saad1 

...mprove semen quality and antioxidant enzymes of buffalo-bulls spermatozoa after different processes (cooling and freezing) at variable time.

Keywords | Plant extract, Preservation, Spermatozoa, Garlic Extender, Antioxidant enzymes. 

...

Hurriya Alzahra1, Susmiati Susmiati2*, Sri Melia3 

...dy aims to determine the antioxidant activity, total phenol, and organoleptic characteristics including the taste, aroma, and texture of fermented milk with orange juice added (Citrus nobilis L.). The study was based on a Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with starter concentrations of 4 (A1), 5 (A2), and 6% (A3), as well as orange juice concentrations of 10 (B1), 15 (B2), and 20% (B3). The results showed that fermented milk with orange juice revea...

Juweria Abid1, Shakeel Ahmad2, Humaira Wasila3, Tooba Asif4, Muhammad Farooq5* and Attaullah Jan6

...l phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of fresh (cow, buffalo, goat, sheep and camel) and processed milk types (S1, S2, S3, S4 and S5) commonly consumed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. Samples were collected from three different districts of KP and after composite sampling dried in oven and stored at room temperature for further biochemical analysis. Samples were then analyzed for minerals content, total phenolic compounds, total flavonoids and

Shakeel Ahmad1*, Humaira Wasila2, Juweria Abid3, Nazir Muhammad4 and Hazrat Usman5 

..., phenolic compounds and antioxidant activity of milk products commonly consumed in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Fifteen different milk product samples were collected from 3 different markets in the study area to get a composite sample. AOAC 15th edition methods were used to analyze moisture, ash, carbohydrates, fats and protein contents of milk products. Atomic absorption spectroscopy and flame photometry were used for mineral analysis. Total phenolic compou...

Maham Tariq, Aqsa Akhtar and Nauman Khalid*

...nsidered rich sources of antioxidants such as lutein, zeaxanthin, and β-carotene. The study aimed at formulating functional candies fortified with fennel seed extract and carrot juice. The candies can be used to improve the nutritive quality of confectionary products that could be healthy options for all age groups, particularly children. Fennel seed extract having the highest flavonoids and antioxidant capacity was sel...

Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin

...londialdehyde (MDA), and antioxidants (SOD, CAT, GSH-Px) activity in Van fish kidney and muscle tissue after 24., 48., 72., and 96. h of tebuconazole exposure at a concentration of 2.5 mg/L. The obtained results indicated that caspase-3, 8-OHdG, and MDA levels significantly increased compared to the control (p < 0.05). The kidney and muscle tissues indicated a significant decrease in antioxidant enzyme activities (superox...

Noha M. Abd El-Azeem*, Hemat A. Abdel Magied, Mervat N. Ghazal, Nehad A. Ramadan, Enayat H. Abo El-Azayem, Y. S. Hussein, Heba H. Habib 

...protein, globulin, total antioxidant capacity (TAO), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), with significant improve in A/G ratio and decrease malondialdehyde (MDA) in the treated groups in compared to the control group. In conclusion, turmeric, MOS and Biostrong supplements had a beneficial effect as natural antioxidant additives, especially the mixture among them, by protecting against oxidative stres...

K. H. El-Kholy1*, Enayat Hassan Abo El-Azayem2, Safaa Ataya Barakat2, Mona Gamel Mohamed3, Sara H. M. Hassab1 

..., plasma biochemical and antioxidant enzymes (SOD, GPx and CAT) were significantly elevated (P≤0.05) by the highest dietary AV inclusion (G4). The addition of AV significantly enhanced immune- responses; lymphocyte percentage, IgG and IgM increased when growing rabbits were fed G4 compared to the control group. In conclusion, dietary addition of 1 or 2g AV may serve as an enhancer of growth and immune response in growing rabbits.

Keywords | Aloe ver...

Fahrauk Faramayuda*, Soraya Riyanti and Sitty Mahanadhiandinie

... have been shown to have antioxidant activity. This study aimed to determine the antioxidant activity of white tea leaves grown in Indonesia using extraction methods other than brewing, i.e., maceration. Study of free radical scavenging activity of 1,1- Diphenyl-2- Picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and the determination of the total polyphenol content of white tea leaves have been conducted using UV-Visible spectrophotometry. Results of...

Ibrahim El-Ratel1*, Mostafa El-Moghazy2, Amira El-Gaml2, Ibrahim Abu El-Naser2 

...) oral administration on antioxidant capacity, reproductive hormones, immunity response, and quality and fertility of fresh and cryopreserved rabbit buck semen under HS conditions. A total of 40 APRI line rabbit bucks (7months old and 3.00±0.20 kg live body weight) were divided into four treatments (10/treatment). The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th treatments were orally administrated with 2 ml distilled water with 0,100, 200 and 300 mg of PEE/buck, respectivel...

Antonius1,3, Anuraga Jayanegara2*, Komang Gede Wiryawan2, Simon Petrus Ginting3, Anjas Asmara Samsudin4, Elizabeth Wina5 

...eaf extract as a natural antioxidant source on goat performance and meat quality. A total of 18 Boerka goats (body weight of 21±2 kg) were divided randomly into three dietary treatments (six replicates each), specifically: T0 (basal diet without gambir supplementation), T1 (basal diet + 2 g/kg DM gambir extract), and T2 (basal diet + 4 g/kg DM gambir extract). Results revealed that addition of gambir extract did not alter the consumption of dry matter, ...

Hafiz Husnain Nawaz1*, Ayesha Ahsan2, Amir Afzal1, Muhammad Ashraf Sumrah1, Muhammad Jan1, Kashif Ali1, Muhammad Arsalan1 and Rizwan Latif3

...p that’s strong in antioxidants. Extraction from C. sativa seeds yielded a 33% yield of C. sativa oil, which was then analyzed for TPC and antioxidants in comparison to commercially available C. sativa oil. The Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and the α, α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test were used to measure the total phenolic content of oil and leaf extracts. Bioactive components included in plant extrac...
Shahrokh Mojarradgandoukmolla* and Hasan Akan
... of liver and kidney and antioxidants status against ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity.
...

Uzma Zulfiqar1, Mahroze Fatima2, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah3*, Muhammad Afzal1, Shazia Shamas3, Sadia Roshan3, Moazama Batool4 and Muhammad Bilal5

... fish growth, vitamin E, antioxidant enzymes activities and fatty acids profile was determined. From the results it was concluded that the graded supplemental vitamin E levels improve the utilization of feed and fish growth. The antioxidant enzymes activities also showed significant results by increasing vitamin E level in the diet. However, an inverse relation was recorded between the contents of liver thiobarbituric acid r...
Farah Abid1,2, Mohammad Saleem1,3*, Tahir Maqbool4, Tania Ahmed Shakoori5, Faheem Hadi4, Tahir Muhammad4, Saira Aftab4, Yasir Hassan7 and Shabana Akhtar4,6*
...kappa;B genes. Levels of antioxidants, superoxide dismutase and catalase were determined to be significantly higher (p<0.05) in the group treated with E-AM compared to the arthritic group. In addition, histopathological examination indicated reduction in the index of C-reactive protein, rheumatoid factor and bone and cartilage erosion after treatment with E-AM. Collectively, our findings suggest that E-AM extract might have potential to perform anti-inflamm...

Doaa H. Assar1, Rasha A. Al Wakeel2, Mahmoud M. El-Maghraby3, Mohammed M. El-Badawy3, Adel A. El-Badawy3, Wael M. Nagy3, Mustafa S. Atta2, Abdel-Khalek E. Abdel Khalek4* 

...n, blood parameters, and antioxidant status of ewes and the performance of their lambs during May breeding season. Crossbred ewes (n=48, 1/2 Finish Landrace x 1/2 Ossimi) with 2-5 y old at late pregnancy were distributed into four groups, 12 ewes in each. The controls were fed a control diet without supplementation. The other three groups were fed the same diet supplemented with allicin at the level of 0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 g/kg, respectively. The experimental ...

Ibrahim Samir Abd El-Hamid1, Alaa Emara Rabee2, Moustafa Mohamed M. A. Ghandour2, Rasha Salah Mohammed3, Ahmed Mohamed. Sallam4 

...meric are all herbs with antioxidant and immunological properties; however, their combination may have a complementary effect on each another. That study was carried out to determine the efficiency of supplementation phytochemicals mixture on semen quality, blood metabolism, oxidative status and testicular structures. Three groups of fourteen Damascus bucks were formed. The first group (control, n=4) served as the control group. The second group (n=5) suppleme...

Nadia A Eltablawy1, Ibrahim El Tantawy El Sayed2, Hamed Mohamed Abdel Barry2, Marwa A. Ibrahim3*, Maha Nageib Ahmed Serag ElDein2 

...nd TFC with considerable antioxidant capacity as evaluated by DPPH, FRAP, and FRAC examinations were recorded. DOX significantly increased serum AST, LDH, CK-MB activities, Troponin1, iron accumulation, and oxidative stress as evidenced by the increased MDA, and NO in association with significant reduction of GSH content in cardiac tissue. Furthermore, mRNA expression of iNOS was significantly upregulated and eNOS and Top 2 ß mRNA expression levels were ...

A.A. Anter, A.W. Amin†, A.H. Ashoub* and A.S. El-Nuby*

...howed enhancing in these antioxidant activities, indicating the SAR four
chemicals was occurred. In conclusion, CSA, NSA, BABA and SA have
...

Lulu Ding, Ke Wang, Ruxue Huang, Wenjing Yu, Bingzhao Yan, Mengli Jiang and Jicang Wang*

...erefore, as an effective antioxidant, Nar has a certain protective effect on oxidative stress and kidney injury induced by Cd.

...
Makruf Arif1*, Claude Mona Airin1, Dwi Sunu Datrianto2, Dinda Anggun Roro Sejati3
...tility rates. The use of antioxidants in semen preservation is very important to suppress lipid peroxidation so it can maintain the quality of the sperm. This study aimed to determine additional honey to the quality of KUB rooster sperm during cold storage. The semen with superior quality was diluted into four different treatments, lactate ringer egg yolk without honey as control (LREY0),     LREY with 0.2% honey (LREY2), LREY with 0.4% honey (L...

Owolabi Olutunmise Victoria1*, Saka Olusola Stephen2, Olashinde Oluwaseun Ruth1, Alli Smith Yemisi Rufina3

...) related to oxidant and antioxidants such as antioxidant enzymes, Reduced glutathione (GSH) activity, Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and Malondialdehyde (MDA) activity. When compared control and glibenclamide-treated rats, the antioxidant activity of the extract increases with advancing the dose of treatment. According to the findings, Cola acuminata young leaves have comparable anti...

Bashir Ahmad1*, Ali Muhammad Yousafzai2, Waqar Ali1, Ikram Ilahi1, Farman Ullah3, Saeed Ahmad1, Ayaz Ali Khan1, Umair Ahmad2 and Hafsa Maria2

...as used to determine its antioxidant capacity. There were five groups each of which contains eight rabbits as experimental animals. These groups were, group A (control animals), group B (intoxicated animals), group C (Animals treated with standard drug), group D and group E (extract was given at doses of 100 and 300 mg/kg body weight after paracetamol intoxication) retrospectively. The results were contrasted with those of the common hepatoprotective medicatio...
Seyedmohammad Karimi1, Mohammad Darvishi2*, Mohammad Barati3, Ramin Hamidi Frahani4, Mohammad Hassan Kazemi5
...ect the liver with their antioxidant properties, may reduce the hepatic toxicity induced by Remdesivir. Given that few studies have been performed on the role of oral melatonin and N-acetylcysteine on reducing the hepatic adverse effects of Remdesivir, we decided to conduct this clinical trial study. In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial study, 70 patients with Covid-19 in Besat Hospital, Tehran, Iran, during 2022, were enrolled. Patients were random...

Asmaa A. Darwish*, Mona A. Mahmoud, Adel M. El-Kattan 

...the diseased does. Total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and Zn had the highest likelihood ratios among the suggested markers with acceptable sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and accuracy rates, and their combination yielded better values. The study concluded that the clinicopathological alterations associated with ovine and caprine brucellosis are a mirror for the immune response against the disease. Most of these changes were more prominent in goat than in she...

Alsaied Alnaimy Habeeb*, Amaal M. Kamal, Mostafa Abbas A. Atta, Ahmed K. Sharaf  

...eparation. On day 7, the antioxidant enzyme activities were considerably lower (P<0.05) in the DLS group of rabbits than in the DLT group of animals. It can be inferred that the separation of the kits from their mothers has an impact on the mothers at the beginning of separation while the isolation approach raises the level of the hormone estradiol, which improves the rate of conception.

Keywords | Behavioral parameters, Conception rate, Milk yield,...

Noor Rahmawati, Alfi Rumidatul* and Sopandi Sunarya

...t have antibacterial and antioxidant activity. The method used in this study was to ferment endophytic fungi from gall rust sengon in different media, namely PDB, PDB plus sengon wood powder, and PDB plus yeast, for 9 days, followed by extraction using ethyl acetate solvent and testing of antioxidant and antibacterial activity. The DPPH radical was used to measure antioxidant activity, and...

MARIUM ASLAM, MUHAMMAD JAVED, FAIZA AMBREEN* & FARIHA LATIF

... exceeds the capacity of antioxidant enzymes, non-detoxified radicals begin to attack the bio-molecules. Therefore, present research work was planned to study the effect of zinc on the peroxidase activity in the liver and kidney of Catla catla. To check the concentration based effect, C. catla were exposed, separately, to 96-hr LC50 of zinc and its sub-lethal concentrations viz. 2/3rd, 1/4th and 1/5th of LC50 for 30 days at constant laboratory conditions. Afte...
TAHIR MEHMOOD*, ANUM AFZAL, ABDUL KARIM, MUHAMMAD ASHRAF SHAHEEN &
HINA ARSHAD
...l extracts showed higher antioxidant activity than unripe peels. The data presented in present study is an important factor to select ripened lemon peels as high potential values for nutraceutical, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.
 
Key Words: Citrus limon, Extraction solvent system, Antioxidant activity, Antimicrobial activity
...
 
 SYED ALI RAZA1, MUHAMMAD WASEEM MUMTAZ2*, AYOUB RASHID CH1, ABDUL WAHEED1, JAMES WILLIAM3 & MUHAMMAD ARSHAD
...sent study describes the antioxidant and pancreatic lipase inhibitory properties of different hydroethanolic leaf extracts of Conocarpus lancifolius. Freeze drying assisted ultra-sonication was adopted for extract preparation. The results showed that highest total antioxidant power of 291 ± 0.50 mg ASE/g DE was exhibited by 60% ethanolic extract which was slightly lower than antioxidant...

Jianli Xiong1,2,*, Hongtao Ren2, Guanglu Li2, Xiaochan Gao2, Yong Huang2 and Shiyang Gao2

...chemical parameters, and antioxidant capacity of growing swan geese (Anser cygnoid). 240 four-week-old healthy swan geese were randomly divided into five groups (n = 48 each). Each group was subdivided into six replicates, with eight geese per replicate. Geese received basal diets, supplemented with either 0 (control), 10, 20, 40, or 80 IU/kg VE. All geese were treated for 12 weeks. The results showed that VE supplementation had no significant effect on body w...

Doaa H. Assar1, Rasha A. Al-Wakeel2, Zizy I. Elbialy3, Mahmoud M. El-Maghraby4, Helmy K. Zaghlool5, Adel A. El-Badawy4, Abdel-Khalek E. Abdel-Khalek6*

...-biochemical parameters, antioxidant status, and semen quality of cross-bred lambs (½ Finnish × ½ Ossime). Twenty-four lambs aged 10 months with 32.93±0.48 kg LBW were distributed into three groups (8/group). Lambs in G1 (controls) were fed a basal diet without treatment. In G2 and G3, the daily diet was supplied with 1 and 5 g SPL /kg from 10 to 15 months of age. Dietary SPL supplementation significantly increased body weight, count...

Anhar Ibrahim Elhanafy*, Amr Mohamed Mousa, Amaal Mohamed Kamal 

...r, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant substitute to pharmaceuticals to be applied in rabbit farms. Furthermore, rabbit wellbeing was significantly influenced by injecting < 0.3 mg BV/rabbit twice weekly. 

...

Galuh Chandra Agustina1*, Erwin Syahfitri1, Viski Fitri Hendrawan1, Siska Aditya1,2 

... of black cumin seeds as antioxidants on the expression of caspase-3 and sertoli cells in spermatogenesis. A total of 20 male mouses were divided into five groups, K- (negative control, no treatment), K+ (positive control, 40 mg diazinon/kg BW); P1 (40 mg diazinon/kg BW + 200 mg black cumin/kg BW); P2 (40 mg diazinon/kg BW + 400 mg black cumin/kg BW); P3 (40 mg diazinon/kg BW + 600 mg black cumin/kg BW) throughout trials. The results showed that the black cum...

Saad Zaghlou El-Damrawy1, Reda Ali Hassan2*, Ahmed Maher Bakhaty1, Adel M. Nasr2, El-Sayed A. Abu El-Hassan2  

...y decreased. While total antioxidant capacity (TAC) dropped as a result of AFB1, serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), uric acid, creatinine, and malnodialdhyde (MDA) dramatically rose. After 35 days of feeding, AFB1-treated chicks showed a significant decrease in their total erythrocyte count (TEC), total leukocyte count (TLC), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), haematocrit levels (HCT), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (M...
Mansoor Ayoob1, Atta Hussain Shah1, Zaheer Ahmed Nizamani2, Muhammad Faisal Ayoob2,3*, Deepesh Kumar Bhuptani1,5 and Abdul Sattar Baloch4
...te the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of honey marination on beef meat (M. longissimus dorsi). The samples were analyzed for moisture, fat, protein, glycogen, peroxide, thiobarbituric acid, total viable count and total coliform count after marination with 0, 10, 20, 30 and 100% concentrations of honey and after 1, 4, 8 and 12 days of storage (4 ̊C). The moisture, fat and protein contents were moderately decreased on the 4, 8 and 12th days of storage in...

Shaimaa A.Tawfik2,3, EL S.T. Awad1*, Hoda O.Abu Bakr1, Amira M.Gamal-Eldeen4, Esmat Ashour2, Ismail M.Ahmed1  

...X-induced resistance and antioxidant status. Methods: 40 male albino rats weighing 150-200g were divided equally into four groups 10/each. CSO (5% w/w) were administrated oral daily for 30 consecutive days. DOX treated groups were injected IP at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg trice weekly to be totally 15 mg/kg for two weeks. G1 Control, G2 CSO, G3 Doxorubicin, G4 CSO/DOX. Antioxidant activity, histopathological examination, immunohist...

Muhammad Asim Bhutta1,2*, Amna Bibi2, Nadia Hussain Ahmad2, Sadia Kanwal2, Zarmeena Amjad1, Hafeez ur Rehman3, Umar Farooq3, Muhammad Nouman Khalid4 and Syeda Fiza Nayab5

...nisms like production of antioxidants, enzymes and carotenoids to face reactive oxygen species and avoid photoinhibition. This article provides overview of molecular mechanisms involved in photoinhibition and its protective elements.

...

Rahma Boukarine*, Leila Hamdi and Kamel Khelili

...s and fruits, especially antioxidants which aid protect against oxidative stress. This study was conducted on Albino Wistar rats to investigate the antioxidant effect of Eruca sativa on the hepatic and renal profile damaged by xylene. Seventy rats were divided into seven equal groups and treated by gavage for 30 days as follows: Control group (C), group (CO), positive control group (RE) was received 350 mg / Kg bw of Eruca s...

Sahar Ezeldien1,2, Foromo Dramou2, Fatma M. Yousseff3*, Alexander A. Nikishov2, Sergy B Seleznev2

..., anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. This study was conducted to determine the effect of chamomile aqueous extract on the productivity, egg quality, and serum biochemical parameters of laying Japanese quail. A total of 42 Japanese quail were separated into two groups of 21 birds each, with three replicates per group (7 birds) at random; the control group without any additives and the supplemented group with chamomile aqueous extract (3ml/L) in the ...

Nawfal Hammadi Jasim1, Yasmeen Jassim Mohammed2 , Jala Amir Salman Alahmed1, Majdy Faisal Majeed3* 

..., through an increase of antioxidant enzymes and histological alterations in the liver.  

...

Jawad Ali1,*, Samiya Rehman1, Aqsa Aslam1, Fouzia Tanvir2, Rida Liaqat1, Muhammad Ahmad1, Aamir Riaz1, Muhammad Shafique3, Hassan Ali1 and Amjad Ali1

...a city were gathered for antioxidant potential determination. Free radical scavenging activity and total antioxidant activity experiments were performed on the samples using the DPPH and Phosphomolybdenum methods. Results shows leaves extract from Mianwali has the highest total antioxidant capacity while stems collected form the Sargodha has highest free radicals scavenging ability with va...

Hamdi Mayulu1*, Endang Sawitri2

...tochemical potential and antioxidant capacity of black garlic as a livestock feed additive. The Folin-Ciocalteau method was used to test for tannins and total phenolics, and the aluminum chloride (AlCl3) method was used to assess flavonoid content. In addition, antioxidant capacity was determined with Radical Scavenging Activity 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and expressed with IC50 value. The data obtained were analyz...

Indri Juliyarsi1*, Sri Melia1, Rizki Dwi Setiawan1, Deni Novia1, Lailatul Anshor2, Tomi Candra2 

...cal properties of color, antioxidant activity, and sensory properties of edible films made from whey with the addition of antioxidants from Rosella calyx extract (Hibiscus sabdariffa L). The edible film was prepared with the addition of four different levels of rosella extracts (0, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6%). The addition of rosella calyx extract led to a significant difference (P<0.05) in color (redness), ...

Amr N. El-Shahat1*, A.M. Abdul Azeem1 and Mohamed H.M. Abd el Megid2

...gical activities such as antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory activity and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of bay leaf extract (BLE) in protection against high cholesterol diet (HCD) induced hypercholesterolemia. About thirteen compounds of essential oils were identified by GC/MS analysis including 1.8-cineole, Linalool and sabinene which represent the main volatile oils of bay leaf. Supplementa...

Sarwat Yousuf1, Shaista Emad2 , Mohammad Misbah ur Rehman3, Zehra Batool4, Sara Qadeer5, Yousra Sarfaraz1, Sheeza Sheikh1, Sana Sadaf6 and Tahira Perveen1,*

...traditionally used as an antioxidant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory agent. This study intended to determine the potential role of lemon peel oil in neurobehavioral function and oxidative stress. Rats were treated with lemon peel oil at a dose of 0.7, 1.4, 2.1, 2.7, 3.5 g/kg for 14 days. Results showed that lemon peel oil at low doses has antidepressant and anxiolytic activity. Muscular strength was also improved at low doses. The brain

Chairdin Dwi Nugraha1, Rafika Febriani Putri1, Ari Ardiantoro2, Wike Andre Septian1, Ahmad Furqon3, Kuswati Kuswati1, Nashi Widodo4, Suyadi Suyadi1* 

...0.05). The effect of the antioxidant genistein on tris aminomethane - egg yolk diluent gave a significant effect on sperm viability in the Before Freezing (BF) phase at 1.5 hours, BF and PT at two hours (P<0.05). The addition of different genistein in diluent tris aminomethane - egg yolk was no significant effect (P>0.05) on sperm abnormality in both the BF and PT phases at 1 hours, 1.5 hours and 2 hours. The addition of genistein with a concentration of...
Mahroze Fatima1*, Syed Zakir Hussain Shah2, Muhammad Afzal3, Muhammad Bilal4 and Ayesha Khizar1
...fect. Vitamin E being an antioxidant has become very attractive to reduce oxidation and improve overall performance of fish. Two adequate (100, 150 mg/kg) and two high levels (1000, 1500 mg/kg) of vitamin E with a control level (0 mg/kg) were analyzed in this study. Results showed that adequate levels of supplementation increased growth performance compared to higher levels. The minimum value of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) was recorded in 1...
Muhammad Rizwan1, Hamid Akbar1*, Aftab Ahmad Anjum1, Muhammad Arif Khan1, Aneela Zameer Durrani2, Muhammad Abid Hayat3, Anjum Masood4, Muhammad Talha Sajjad1 and Nadeem Raza2
...s recommended to provide antioxidant therapy in adjunct with surgical correction for early recovery.

...

Dalia M. Amin1*, Noha Mohammed Halloull1, Walaa E. Omar2, Basma A. Ibrahim2, Nahla M. Ibrahim1 

... by their anti-fibrotic, antioxidant, and antiapoptotic pathway capabilities.
 

...

Altaf Ur Rahman1, Muhammad Ajmal Khan2*, Ali Hazrat3, Awais Farid4, Muhammad Yahya3* and Inam Ullah5

...chemical, antibacterial, antioxidant potential. The methanolic fraction of C. jacquemontii was evaluated for quantitative phytochemical constituents. The antibacterial efficacy was investigated via well diffusion method by using a concentration of 100 µg/ml. Furthermore, the antioxidant potential of extract was estimated at various concentration (50, 100, 150, 200, 250 µg/ml) through 2, 2-Diphenyl -1- picryl-hydr...

Abdur Rauf1*, Farooq Jan1, Muhammad Qayash2, Zia-ul-Islam3, Rizwanullah1, Ikramullah Khan1, Muhammad Shuaib4, Muhammad Khalid5 and Samrin Gul6

...flavus. Furthermore, the antioxidant potential of the ethanolic extract revealed the maximum at 400mg/ml (76.03%) and 300mg/ml (70.01%). The phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, and phenols in the ethanolic crude extract.

...

Arshad Javaid1*, Iqra Haider Khan1, Malik F. H. Ferdosi2, Aneela Anwar3 and Mujahid Manzoor4 

...act of I. carnea possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxicity, insecticidal and insect repellant properties as reported in the literature. 

...

Vui Van Nguyen1, Samorn Ponchunchoovong2, Sajeera Kupittayanant3, Pakanit Kupittayanant2* 

...he effects of the adding antioxidants to semen extender on canine sperm during 12 days of chilling storage. Twenty ejaculates from five American Bully dogs were used. The sperm quality was determined by system automatic sperm analyser for sperm motility parameters, and by confocal laser scanning microscope for sperm membrane integrity parameters. Sperm lipid peroxidation was also analysed through malondialdehyde production. The study found that there was a gra...

Walaa I. Mohameden1, Haidy G. Abdel-Rahman2, Ibrahim M. Hegab3* 

..., health conditions, and antioxidant activity, as well as it has a minimizing influences on TNF-alpha and MMP-9.
 

...

Khalid M. Al-Syaad1,2

...d (P<0.001) the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and number of spermatozoa compared with control group. The histological examination of the kidney revealed alterations induced by CC, including atrophy, tubular necrosis, enlargement of the glomeruli, dilatation and congestion of the glomerular capillaries (G) and the blood vessels around the renal tubules, atrophy in some renal glomeruli, hemorrhage, and around edema interstitial the blood vessels. It is con...

Rusul Adnan Dawood, Hasan F.K. Alghetaa*

...tem represented by total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde levels to combat the toxic exposure of mercuric chloride (HgCl2) with or without collaboration of resveratrol (RES) supplement. Forty-five adult Sprague Dawley, 8-10 weeks old female rats weighing 170-220 g were randomly grouped as following; control group (C) kept without any medication. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) used as vehicle to prepare RES treatment was given to D-group. RES administered to...

Abdel-Khalek El-Sayed Abdel-Khalek1*, Abdelaziz M. Sakr2, Wael M. Nagy2, Hesham S. Abou-Serie2, Entesar Z. Eliraqy2

...perm characteristics and antioxidant capacity of sperm medium after cryopreservation. Tris-egg yolk extender with different levels (0, 4, 8, 12, and 14 mg/ml) of propolis ethanolic extract (PEE) were used. Semen was collected once/week for 20 weeks from five buffalo bulls aged 3.5–5 years. The collected semen was pooled and distributed into five equal fractions, each fraction was diluted with Tris-extender at each level of PEE (PEE0, PEE1, PEE2, PEE3, an...

Muhammad Nasir Bhaya1,2* and Hikmet Keles2

...olyphenol, known for its antioxidant properties. In this study, the protective effect of EA on CP-induced renal damage was evaluated. For this purpose, 24 rats were divided into four groups, control, CP, CP+EA50, and CP+EA75. Histopathological examination of kidneys revealed hyperemia, epithelial degeneration, swelling, cystic dilatation and luminal proteinaceous material in tubuli, congested and hypercellular glomeruli and also inflammatory cells infiltration...

Weijun Chen1*, Shiyang Gao1, Ping Sun1, Xiaohui Sun2, Yongbin Wei1, Jingyang Chen1 and Jialong Chen1

...asing activity levels of antioxidant enzymes and contents of reduced glutathione (GSH). Furthermoure, diet HF significantly decreased the mRNA expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and simultaneously increased the mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and IL-6 in liver of common carp compared to control diet (P<0.05). However, diet NaBT signif...

Hafiz Muhammad Arsalan1, Amina Arif1 and Muhammad Khalil Ahmad Khan2*

...roduction in response to antioxidant (AOX) defense systems lead to oxidative stress (OS). Our study aimed at biochemical profiling of CML patients in response to imatinib or nilotinib therapeutic drugs. Fresh venous blood sample (10 mL) of 170 CML diagnosed patients and 10 healthy individuals was collected in heparin vial from oncology department, Mayo hospital and Jinnah hospital Lahore, Pakistan. Biochemical profiling of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dis...

Sherein H. Mohamed1, Soad El Naggar2*, Ayman A. Hassan3, Mohamed A.M. Mousa3, Mohamed M. Basyony3, Mohamed F. Sadek3, Mohamed A. A. Ahmed4, Saadia M. Hashem5 

...ity, cecal fermentation, antioxidant enzyme activities, immunity and meat quality. One hundred twenty six male growing New Zealand White rabbits aged eight weeks old with an average body weight of 675±47.95 g were divided into six equal groups 21 rabbits each, control diet group, C fed the basal diet and the other five groups (GE, ClE, ThE, TE, and CE) fed on basal diet supplemented with 200 ppm of garlic, clove, thyme, turmeric and cinnamon extracts re...

Eman M. Abdelhady1, Nader Y. Mostafa1, Mohammed A. El-Magd2* and Ghada A. Kirrella1

...th CP. The pH values and antioxidant properties (as measured by the DPPH radical scavenging assay) of CNPs-treated samples were significantly higher than CP-treated samples. There were no significant differences in organoleptic characteristics between the two treatments. With these antimicrobial and antioxidant properties, CP and CNPs, with a better effect for CNPs, could be used as preservatives for the minced meat to exten...

A.M. Abdul Azeem1, A.N. El shahat1* and Mohamed H.M. Abd el Megid2

...and their assessment for antioxidant activities against liver injury induced by bisphenol A (BPA) in male rats. In this work, Citrus paradise peels extract used for reduction of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) to reduce Se ions to Se0 confirmed by changing the colour of the solution from light yellow to red. The synthesized SeNPs were characterized by Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis spectra), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis and Tran...

A.M. Abdul Azeem1, A.N. El shahat1* and Mohamed H.M. Abd el Megid2

...and their assessment for antioxidant activities against liver injury induced by bisphenol A (BPA) in male rats. In this work, Citrus paradise peels extract used for reduction of sodium selenite (Na2SeO3) to reduce Se ions to Se0 confirmed by changing the colour of the solution from light yellow to red. The synthesized SeNPs were characterized by Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis spectra), Fourier transform infra-red (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis and Tran...

Azza M. El-Kattawy1, Tarek Abou Zed1, Randa Megahed1 and Mohammed El-Magd2*

... increased the levels of antioxidant markers [reduced glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)]. These findings conclude that administration of Sim relieved pristane-induced arthritis, with best improvement in the Sim co-treated (prevention) group. Thus, Sim could be used as a protective drug against rheumatoid arthritis based on its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects.

...

Nida Sadaqat1, Sheheyar Ahmed Khan1, Amna Bibi1, Sadaf Zahra1, Muhammad faisal Salamt1, Noreen Latief2 and Fatima Ali1*

...lure. Supplementation of antioxidants has proven beneficial in decreasing free radicals in burns. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) on biochemical alterations during the post-burn stage in scalded rats. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized and dorsum was shaved. Second-degree skin burn was induced by immersing an iron mold (1.0 cm2 in diameter) in boiling (100°C) water for 5 min and plac...

Fatimah A. Al-Saeed 

...may be attributed to its antioxidant activities.
 

...
Yafang Wang1,2,3, Fugui Jiang2,3, Haijian Cheng2,3, Yifan Liu2,3, Chen Wei2,3, Ce Liu2,3 and Enliang Song1,2,3*
...mance, inflammatory, and antioxidant functions. The calves were assigned to four treatment groups with six calves each in a completely randomized design. The calvels were fed diets in which different amounts of ASIV were provided (0, 15, 30, or 60 mg/d per calf). The experimental period consisted of 7 days of adaptation followed by 120 days of data collection. Calves were fed 6 L/day of milk replacer from 7–60 days, weaned at 60 days, and offered water, ...

H.A. El-Nagar1, A.M. El-Hais2, M.S. Mandouh2, W.M. Wafa1*, A.H. ABD El-Aziz, K.A. Attia4 

...l cholesterol, and total antioxidant capacity in blood serum, and RBCs, WBCs, Hb, and PCV increased (P<0.05) in treated than in the control calves, being the highest with the combination treatment. Urea-N and creatinine concentrations, and AST and ALT activities decreased (P<0.05) in treated compared with the control calves, with the lowest values for the combination treatment. The treated calves were heavier with higher weight gains than the control one...

Salma Jameel Askar 

...al disorders, and act as antioxidant. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of sub-chronic exposure to meloxicam, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, on hematological alterations and liver functions parameters in albino male rats and to determine the effects of Beetroots ethanolic extract in alleviation these alterations. Eighteen male albino rats were used, and they were divided into three groups of six animals each: G1, which received a dose of d...

Tehreem Iqbal1, Roheela Yasmeen1* and Faheem Hafeez2

...ning attention as it has antioxidant effects both in vivo and in vitro. The present research study was designed to see the effect of cinnamon against BPA induced Sprague Dawley rats. In the study Sprague Dawley rats of an average 300 gram body weigt were used. The rats were divided into control and treated groups. The control group was comprised of normal control (C; untreated), vehicle control (P; treated with 1ml olive oil), and positive control (BG1; only t...

Asmaa A Darwish* 

...0.05) decrease in IL-10, antioxidants, total protein, albumin, glucose, total lipids, cholesterol, minerals, electrolytes, and trace elements concentrations. The DG hemogram clarified a significant (P<0.05) microcytic hypochromic anemia accompanied by neutrophilic leukocytosis and lymphocytopenia, and their iron profile characterized by a significant (P<0.05) hypoferremia, hypotransferrinemia, and hyperferritinemia. After the urethral process amputation...

Fariha Qahar and Muhammad Sayyar Khan*

...ione (GSH) is a powerful antioxidant thiol compound that is critical for the detoxification of xenobiotics in plants. The genetic manipulation of GSH biosynthesis-related genes is considered a prime strategy to achieve higher in planta GSH contents. In this study, stably transformed Brassica napus lines harboring the feedback-insensitive isoform of Serine acetyltransferase (SAT), a rate-limiting enzyme for cysteine (Cys), and GSH biosynthesis, were subjected t...

Mustafa M. Khalaf*, Rana A. Salih 

...tricted. The most potent antioxidant among flavonoid chemicals is quercetin, the aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of quercetin against cyclophosphamide. An explanation of quercetin’s hepatoprotective effects against cyclophosphamide-induced hepatotoxicity. Twenty-eight male Westar rats (that weighed 200–250 g) were chosen at random and divided into four equal groups for this investigation. During the initial periods of acute ...
ZAMARA MASOOD1, FAROOQ SALEEM1, SARFRAZ AHMAD2, TALHA JAMSHAID3, IMRAN WAHEED4,
MUHAMMAD AZEEM1, UMAR FAROOQ GOHAR5 & HAFIZ MUHAMMAD ARSALAN6, 7*

ZAHOOR AHMAD SAJID1* & SHEZA AYAZ KHILJI2

...t, amount of protein and antioxidant enzymes. The higher levels of NaCl (100-200 mM) in this investigation drastically suppressed the growth of plants of Suaeda fruticosa L. in the form of stunted growth. The overall increase in antioxidant enzyme activities during this study seems to be their scavenging role by neutralizing the reactive oxygen species produced during salt stress episode. It is therefore, suggested from the ...

Zainab Sattar Ali* , Safa Azhar Razzaq , Layla Hammody Hashem 

...NPs, regarded to his the antioxidant impact.
 

...

Jyotsana Shakkarpude1*, Aditya Mishra2, Deepika D. Caesar2, R.K. Sharma3, Anand Kumar Jain2, Sanju Mandal2, Rajesh Kumar Vandre4, Danveer S. Yadav5, Bhavna Ahirwar6 and C.P. Solanki6

...eroxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity, HSP70, albumin/globulin ratio and immunoglobin G. The overall mean values of plasma superoxide dismutase, total antioxidant capacity and immunoglobin G of high betaine group was numerically higher than other groups which differed (p<0.05) significantly between groups. The overall mean value of plasma HSP70 of high betaine group was minimum followed by low betaine group and co...

Waseef Ullah Khan*, Yasser Durrani and Muhammad Ayub

...ion, acting as a natural antioxidant and antimicrobial preservative for refrigerated mango OLE blend.

...

Muhammad Shahid Nisar1*, Ahmad Kamran Khan1, Ghulam Fatima2, Irfan Ahmed4, Khizar Sami Ullah2 and Syeda Amber Hameed2,5

...ood ingredients, natural antioxidants, antimicrobial compounds and substantially reduce the amount of waste.

...

Aamir Ali, Hafiz Muhammad Tahir*, Azizullah, Shaukat Ali, Muhammad Farooq Bhatti, Muhammad Summer and Ali Haidar Gormani

...uding anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, anticancer, anti-diabetic and antidepressant activities. Further studies should explore the mulberry leaves potentials as these plants have got the attention of both the pharmacological and commercial industries.
 
Novelty Statement | The mulberry leaves possess various therapeutic potentials. In this study, we have summarized all the therapeutic pote...

Hamdy Abdala El-Nagar1, Abdelaziz Mohamed Elhais2, Ayman Hassan Abd El-Aziz3, Wael Mohamed Wafa1, Mohamed Sobhy Elsayed Farrag2, Moataz Ibrahim Badawy1, Safaa Elsayed Salah Atia2

...polis thyme, or both, as antioxidants, on growth efficiency, liver function, kidney function, total antioxidant capacity, and immune response of Friesian calves from 7 to 105 days of age as an experimental period. Newborn male calves (n=20) weighing 37.92±0.63 kg were divided into 4 groups, five calves/group. The first group (G1, control) included animals without treatment. During the whole suckling period each animal...

Wisit Ketpanyapong1, Kulisara Marupanthorn2*

... blood parameters, serum antioxidant status, and sperm quality in 24 Duroc boars at 1.0-1.5 years. The boars were randomly divided into four groups of three replicates each and their feed was supplemented with MOLE at concentrations of 0, 10, 50, and 250 mg/kg body weight (BW). Supplementing Duroc boras with MOLE increased leukocyte, erythrocyte, and hemoglobin levels, and significantly influenced serum antioxidant concentra...

I Nyoman Sumerta Miwada1*, I Nyoman Sutarpa Sutama1, Agus Susilo2

...arch was to evaluate the antioxidant activity, textural attributes and hedonic properties of cheese resulting from Moringa leaf extract fortification. Moringa leaf extract was fortified in the five treatment groups, 1000 ml each with different concentrations, namely 0% (P0); 2% (P1); 4%(P2); 6%(P3) and 8%(P4). The research method used one-way analysis of diversity (at p<0.05) and continued with the Duncan test using the SPSS version 25 system. The results s...

Aeni Nurlatifah1, Anita Hafid1, Pradita Iustia Sitaresmi1, Santoso Santoso1, Rahma Isatirna Anwar1, Mohammad Firdaus Hudaya1, Diana Andrianita Kusumaningrum1, Nurul Azizah1, Dimar Sari Wahyuni1, Herdis Herdis1, Florentina Bety Indah Lupitasari1, Desiana Ade Mahari1, Muhammad Rizal2

... and non-enzymatic (NEZ) antioxidants on the quality of spermatozoa in chilled, stored liquid semen from Garut rams. The rams were randomly divided into seven treatments in a 2 × 3 factorial design. The two factors were the antioxidant levels of EZ (25, 50, and 75 mg) and NEZ (5, 10, and 20 mg). Motility, viability, and plasma membrane integrity were the metrics used in this analysis. The experiment conducted with the ...

Raed Hussein Salih Rabee1, Yahya Sabah Abdulameer1, Walla Farhan Obed1, Noor R Abady1, Adnan Mansour Jasim1*, Firas Hussein Albawi1, Mohammed Jasim Jawad2, Ahmed Samir Abukhomra3

...as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Furthermore, histopathological examination of the intestinal broiler received BBR showed improvements and restore tissue near to normal.
 
Keywords | Enerofloxacin, Berberine, E. coli, Antibiotic residues, CYP450, Antioxidant, Drug docking
...

Fatemeh Beheshti1, Maliheh Safavi2, Mohammad Reza Akbari Eidgahi1,3, Parviz Kokhaei4, Mehdi Vazirian5 and  Ali Akbar Shabani1,3*

...tudy is to determine the antioxidant capacity of Ipomoea purpurea leaves that grows in Iran as well as the chemical composition of the leaves. Thus, using in vitro established procedures, the antioxidant capacity of organic and aqueous extracts of I. purpurea leaves was assessed. Further, the ethanol and chloroform extracts of I. purpurea leaves were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Concentration-...

Hafiza Mehwish Iqbal1, Salman Khurshid1*, Saqib Arif1, Qurrat-ul-Ain Akbar1, Saba Iqbal2, Shahid Yousaf3, Kainat Qureshi1, Abdul Karim Khan5, Abdul Ahad6, Aqeel Ahmed Siddique4 and Neelofar Hamid7

... Methanol 20%has maximum antioxidant activity in O. basilicum whereas, in S. asoca and M. koenigii 20% aqueous showed maximum activity. Total phenolic content (TPC) 80%methanol exhibited high value in O. basilicum and S. asoca and aqueous 0% has a high TPC content in M. koenigii. The study of medicinal plants is an important area of research in modern medical science for better results and benefits to society and human safety. Use of medicinal plants for antim...

Lu Yang1,2*, Ke Zhang3 and Jin-Hui Wang1,2,4

...yretic, antiallergic and antioxidant activities. In this study, ten N-acetyldopamine dimers, named Cicadamide C1–C10 (compounds 1–10), were isolated from Periostracum Cicadae. One-dimensional NMR, two-dimensional NMR, mass spectrometry, CD spectroscopy, and chemical evidence were performed to further determine their structures. In the results, ten N-acetyldopamine dimers were isolated and their structures were elucidated. This study provides a basi...

Ying Chen1, Chao-Zheng Li2, Zhun Yu3, Jia Zhou4, Yan Xu4, Zhe Lin4, He Lin4* and Xiao-Wei Huang4*

...dial tissue, improve the antioxidant activity of myocardial, and reduce oxidative stress injury. The relevant mechanism may be related to the regulation of Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in rat myocardial tissue by VAP.

...

Dan Song1,2, Ming-Juan Ge3, Jie Li1,2, Yi Jiang1, Xiu-Mei Kong1, Jiao-Jiao Xu1, Xu Ji1,2, Rui-Xin Shi1 and Qin Zhao1,2*

...), and activity of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), catalase (CAT) in mice liver were measured; while SOD and MDA contents and activity of T-AOC, CAT, Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-Mg2+-ATPase, pyruvate kinase (PK) and phosphofructokinase (PFK) in mice brain were evaluated. In the results, G. straminea ethanol extract markedly enhanced hypoxia tolerance in mice. It attenuated hypoxia-induced oxidative stress by reducing MDA levels (in liver and brain), and elevating ...

Rasema Majeed, Alaa Kamil Mahmood* 

...nolic extract (GEE) have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that may help in mitigate these effects. Chitosan nanoparticles (CNPs) can improve delivery and bioavailability of encapsulated agents such as GEE. The aims of this study to evaluate the protective effects of ginger ethanolic extract, chitosan nanoparticles, and ginger ethanolic extract loaded with chitosan nanoparticles (GEE-CNPs) against DNA damage and pancreatic histological changes in do...

Franciscus Rudi Prasetyo Hantoro1,2,*, Dwi Sunarti1, Turrini Yudiarti1, Sri Sumarsih1, Rini Nurhayati2 

...ulations, immune organs, antioxidant status, and growth performance in Sentul Selection (SenSi) 1 Agrinak chickens. Treatments consisted of three stocking densities (10, 14, and 18 birds/m2) and three levels of crude protein (14, 16, and 18%) factorially (3×3) which were arranged in nine treatments and four replications. Treatment and data collection were carried out at the age of 29-70 days. Data were analyzed using ANOVA with a factorial Group Random D...

Turrini Yudiarti*, Sugiharto Sugiharto, Endang Widiastuti, Hanny Indrat Wahyuni, Tri Agus Sartono, Maulana Hamonangan Nasution

...bacterial properties and antioxidant activity.The obyective of this study was to see how adding the fermented product of the fungus Monascus purpureus as a feed additive affected to physiological parameters, intestine microbial population, and broiler internal organ weight. The method was one hundred and fifty un-sexed one-day-old chicks (DOC) were reared in an open cage. With three treatments, the study used a completely randomized design. The treatments cons...

Ghusoon Hasan Jadaan1*, Khalisa K. Khudair2 

.... Curcumin Phytosome has antioxidant effects. We aimed to determine how silicon dioxide nanoparticle (SiO2NPs) exposure to female rats affected the oxidative state. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-VIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy were used to investigate SiO2NPs and Curcumin Phytosome nanoparticles (CPNPs). Intense surface plasmon resonance at 1041 nm revealed the formation of silica nanoparticles. The two ba...

Tariq I. Almundarij

...urements of lipogram and antioxidant parameters were assessed. During the breeding season, 16 dromedary she-camels that appeared to be in good health included in this study as controls. Their average body weight ranged from 430 kg for camels under 8 years old to 480 kg for camels over 8 years old. Twenty-nine overweight female dromedary camels were examined, with a BCS over 4.5 and an infertile period lasting between 12 and 36 months. When comparing repeat bre...

Estabraq Hayder Khayoon, Ammar Ahmed Abdulwahid*  

...decrease levels of Total antioxidant in blood serum and behavioral differences like Acrylamide greatly decreased the struggling and ascending time in the swimming test, dramatically lengthens the time needed to turn an animal’s head 180 degrees during a negative geotaxis test and decreased locomotors activity in the Y maze test. Curcumin’s anti-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties have not ...

Tabinda Nowsheen1, Sayed Wadood Ali Shah2, Ali Hazrat1*, Muhammad Yahya1, Gul Rahim1, Muhammad Mukhtiar4 and Muhammad Ajmal Khan3

...icals, antibacterial and antioxidant potential of the methanolic crude extract of leaves, stem, and roots of Artemisia maritime. The phytochemical screening of A. maritime leaves, stem and roots extract indicates the existence of flavonoids, terpenoids, saponins, tannins, phenolics steroids and carbohydrates but deficient of proteins. In minimum inhibitory concentration assay, the crude methanolic extracts showed significant inhibition against all tested bacte...

Riskayanti Riskayanti1, Hikmah Hikmah2*, Muhammad Irfan Said2, Nahariah Nahariah2 

...oor in dietary fiber and antioxidant activity. The lack of vegetables is one of the weaknesses of nugget products. Therefore, diversification of processed chicken nugget products with the addition of vegetables is needed. This research aimed to analyze the effect of cooking treatment and vegetable addition level on antioxidant activity, dietary fiber, pH and cooking loss of chicken nuggets. The research design consisted of...

Limbang Kustiawan Nuswantara, Eko Pangestu, Marry Christiyanto, Santoso Dwi Pratomo, Elyza Zahrotul Muhtaromah

Eman Said El-Hadad*, Hesham Ahmed Madian, Mahmoud A.E. Hassan, Mohamed Fahmy Saad, Abdelghany M. El-Shhat, Entesar Zakaria Eliraqy

...physiological functions, antioxidant status, mitigation of heat stress, and improving performance in birds. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary L-arginine on hematology, protein and lipid profiles, renal, hepatic, and intestinal functions, antioxidant status, and immunity of heat stressed Egyptian geese. A total of 30 sexually mature ganders (local Egyptian male geese strain) with 10 months of age and 3.20&plu...

Pramudya Andiana*, Moch. Geerhan Miraja Syahdan, Khothibul Umam Al Awwaly, Abdul Manab

Muhammad Akram1, Anirban Mandal2*, Mehwish Iqbal3, Arindam Mukherjee4, Ritika Bandyopadhyay5, Surendar Rangasamy6, Rida Zainab1, Muhammad Talha Khalil1, Pragnesh Parmar7 and Umme Laila1

...ived from plants acts as antioxidants. In this review article, we discussed upon history of use of plants as medicine, role of plants in viral infections, and anti-viral effects of various plants.

...

Suhad Mohmmed Alrobyrai1 , Falah Muosa Al-Rekabi2*

...(ALA) and Tempol are two antioxidants that have been shown to protect against various forms of oxidative stress and inflammation. This study explored the hepatoprotective effects of Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) and Tempol against subacutely repeated acetaminophen (APAP) exposure in a murine model. Fifty male Balb-c mice were divided into five groups. Groups received 700 mg/kg.BW of APAP and oral treatments: G1 (distilled water, negative control), G2 (no treatment, ...
Sijie Jian1,2,3,4, Wei Sun1,3, Jia Chao1,2, Na Rong1,4, Xiang Liu1,2,3,4* and Chen Chen1,2,3,4*
...ignificant change in the antioxidant-related factors of MDA, SOD, CAT and GSH-PX. Therefore, Slp has passive protection (A. hydrophila) and passive cross-protection (P. fluorescens) abilities and it can boost resistance to infection using major freshwater aquaculture etiologic agent of fish.

...

Wafa’a Mohammad Abduwhab1*, Waseem Ali Hasan2, Mohanad Abdulsataar AL-Bayati3

... wound, herbal medicine, antioxidants and biochemical indices.
...

ZOHAIB SAEED1, SHAHID IQBAL*1, UMER YOUNAS1,2, MUHAMMAD PERVAIZ*3, SYED MOHSIN ALI NAQVI3 & RANA RASHAD MAHMOOD KHAN3

...of the plant. Meanwhile, antioxidants like TPC, Ascorbic acid content and antioxidant potential (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP) were also measured and maximum values were found in 20% to 40% of sewage sludge. Hence, sewage sludge may be exploited for the useful purposes in a controlled manner.

...

AAMIR MAHMOOD1, ZAHOOR AHMAD SAJID* & SHEZA AYAZ KHILJI2

...butes (protein contents, antioxidants enzyme activates). A decrease in seed germination percentage from 95.22 (at control) to 25.34% (at 120 mM salt stress) and shoot length from 86.12 (at control) to 42.36 cm (at 120 mM salt stress) was observed. Similar decreasing pattern of growth was observed in case of pot grown plants after 60 days. The results suggested that salt stress drastically reduced length of shoot and root, fresh / dry weight and leaf area and <...

ASIFA BASHIR1, AAMIR MUSHTAQ2* & TOOBA MEHBOOB3

...hemical agents. Then its antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities were found. The results indicated the presence of carbohydrates, tannins, phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides, amino acids and proteins in crude extract with phenolic and flavonoid contents observed as 9.9 mg/g equivalent of gallic acid and 100 mg/g equivalent of rutin, respectively. Free radical scavenging activity by plant extract was observed as 68±0.33 % as compared t...

UMER YOUNAS, SHAHID IQBAL* & JAMSHED AKBAR

...olvents on extraction of antioxidants from M. nigra leaves have been studied. Initially, samples were dried using different drying procedures (shade, oven and microwave drying) and extracted using different solvents (ethyl acetate, acetone and methanol) in combination with microwave-assisted extraction technique. Antioxidant potentials of extracts were determined in terms of total phenolics, total flavonoids and ascorbic aci...

MUHAMMAD NADEEM1, MUHAMMAD WASEEM MUMTAZ1&MUHAMMAD DANISH1

...hensive investigation of antioxidant activity and α-amylase inhibition potential of hydroethanolic leaf extracts of Vitexnegundo. Freeze drying assisted ultrasonicated extraction revealed highest level of total phenolic contents (258.29±2.52 mgGAE/g DE) and total flavonoid content (155.91±1.75 mgRE/g DE) in 60% hydro-ethanolic V. negundo leaf extract. Furthermore, total antioxidant power (254.35±1....

*AMNA SHOAIB, AROOJ SHEZAD, ARSHAD JAVAID, SUNDUS AKHTAR & ZOIA ARSHAD AWAN

...ibutes and activities of antioxidant enzymes. It was concluded that disease suppression is directly linked with increase in activities of antioxidant enzyme (peroxidase, catalase, polyphenol oxidase and phenylalanine ammonia lyase) thus provides the basis for resistant in chickpea.

...

Deni Novia*, Indri Juliyarsi, Rizki Dwi Setiawan, Clara Mustika, Cindi Melani

...s qualities, such as the antioxidant, physicochemical, and sensory properties using a food dehydrator that can maintain antioxidant, nutritional, and sensory properties. We employed an in-vivo trial with a completely randomized design consisting of five treatments and four replicates. The egg tea was dried using a food dehydrator at 60°C for five different drying times (2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 h). The parameters evaluated were...

Nurcholis1*, Syetiel M. Salamony1, Abdullah Baharun2

...entation, which has high antioxidants, on semen diluent during the cooling to cryopreservation process. Specifically, five  PO bulls aged four years were collected using an artificial vagina (AV) twice weekly at the Semangga District Animal Health Center from August to September 2023. Semen diluted to a minimum of 25 million/mL is packaged in 0.25 mL straws. Treat Andromed® as a comparison, P0 tris egg yolk (TYE), P1 TYE+MYE 1 mL, P2 TYE+MYE 2 mL. The...
Samia S. Alkhalil1, Faisal Al-Sarraj2, Abeer S. Aloufi3, Zuhair M. Mohammedsaleh4, Mamdoh S. Moawadh4, Fayez M. Saleh5, Majid Al-Zahrani6, Waheeb Aggad7, Youssef S. Alghamdi8, Mutaib M. Mashraqi9, Saleh Alshamrani9 and 
Mona H. Soliman10,11*
...response to SRBCs, total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant status of the rats and interleukin concentrations, along with histopathology of organs. Results of this study confirmed the immunomodulation and antioxidant capacity of Bacillus licheniformis against 28 µg/kg BW of aflatoxins. 

...

Abeer Alahmari1,2*

... investigate the in vivo antioxidant activity of aqueous myrrh extract (AME) on oxidative stress-dependent nephrotoxicity caused by ethanol in rats. Male Sprague‒Dawley rats orally received 40% ethanol (3 g kg-1) and were then orally treated with (500 mg kg-1) AME daily for 30 days. Kidney function, oxidant and antioxidant status, and histopathology alterations in renal tissue were measured. Animals that received ethanol...
Mouhamed Zakiou Kolawole Adissa Raimi1, Ghulam Hussain2, Nousheen Zafeer3, Faheem Ahmad1, Muhammad Irfan4, Anwar Ullah1, Imdad Kaleem1 and Asghar Shabbir1*
... potent neuroprotective, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties with no reported side effects can be a prospective candidate for an alternate remedial treatment of MS in animal model as well as in humans. In this study we established a new animal model (quail), to assess the synergistic efficacy of honey and black seed against demyelination within brain. A total of 35 male quails were used, among 10 were non treated and 25 were treated with 200 mg/kg/da...

Marah Salim Hameed1, Ali Ibrahim Ali Al-Ezzy2*

... toxicity. Evaluation of antioxidant, nephroprotective and immunomodulatory activity of vitamins C and E -sodium selenite in mice intoxicated with sodium nitrate. Thirty healthy adult male mice of 25-30gm body weight divided randomly into six groups (5 mice/each) administered the following daily for 2 weeks, respectively: Vitamin E -sodium selenite 0.5 ml/LDW(T1); vitamin C (0.5 gm/L (T2); NaNO3 0.5gm/L (T3); NaNO3 (70 mg/kg) and vitamin E -sodium selenite 0.5...

Bushra AL-Khaqani, Amira Mohammed*  

...l anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant qualities, and to induce relaxation of airway smooth muscle. The current study investigated whether Resveratrol (RES) could lessen allergic asthma that ovalbumin (OVA) causes in rats. Current results revealed that RES improved significantly (P<0.05) allergic asthma attenuation by decreasing the number of infiltrated mononuclear cells in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid (BALF) and non-significantly (P>0.05) the number of i...

Saadatin Nurul Jannah1, Edhy Sudjarwo1, Osfar Sjofjan2*

...id active compounds, and antioxidant activity as a substitute for synthetic antibiotic feed additives given to broiler chickens. This study was conducted using a laboratory experiment using garlic peel powder as a material, an active substance content test using a quantitative flavonoid test, and antioxidant activity. Additionally, onion peels are used as a feed additive for broiler chickens to evaluate production performanc...

Noura K. Al-Suwailem1, Nancy N. Kamel2, Ahmed O. Abbas1,3*, Farid S. Nassar1,3 , Dalia A.A. Elsayed4, Gouda F. Gouda1,5, Hosam M. Safaa6

...their blood metabolites, antioxidant bio-indicators, carcass yield, and meat quality. We used three hundred one-day-old Cobb chickens and were randomly divided into three groups, each with five replicates of 20 birds. The thermoneutral control group received a basal diet, while the other two groups experienced cyclic thermal stress from day 22 to 42 and were fed the basal diet provided with either 0 or 2 g MLM/kg diet. On day 42, we reported carcass characteri...

Shah Zeb Khan1, Ali Hazrat1*, Farman Ali Khan2, Muhammad Yahya1, Gul Rahim1, Muhammad Mukhtiar3, Muhammad Ajmal Khan4 and Hayat Ullah1

... well as their potential antioxidant and antibacterial properties. The crude was obtained in 95 % methanolic which was further fractionated into n-hexane (HR, HS), Chloroform (CR, CS), ethyl acetate (EtR, EtS) and butanol (BR, BS) soluble fractions by solvent-solvent extraction. In phytochemical tests of roots fractions; HR showed the presence of terpenoids, while saponins, alkaloids and flavonoids were detected in CR. EtR was enriched in terpenoids and phenol...

Muhammad Adnan Khalid1, Syed Makhdoom Hussain1*, Shafaqat Ali2,3*, Abdullah Ijaz Hussain4, Muhammad Asrar1, Nisar Ahamd5, Majid Hussain6 and Muhammad Zubair-ul-Hassan Arsalan7

...tion, mineral status and antioxidant activity of Cirrhinus mrigala. At the conclusion of feeding trial, the protein content was highest (18.51±0.13%) in fingerlings fed with poultry waste biochar and lowest (15.35±0.11%) in fish fed with parthenium biochar. Mineral content was also significantly different in each fish group as compared to control diet. The diet contained Parthenium biochar showed poor results (P<0.05) in terms of minerals exce...

Syeda Fakehha Naqvi1, Iqra Haider Khan1 and Arshad Javaid1

...cts of this weed possess antioxidant, antimicrobial, larvicidal and nematicidal activities. In the present study, n-hexane soluble fraction of methanolic stem extract of this weed was subjected to GC-MS analysis to identify various biologically active constituents. There were 28 compounds in this fraction. Major compounds included oleic acid (16.55%), palmitic acid (11.22%), β-sitosterol (9.63%), hexadecanoic acid (7.71%) and methyl oleate (5.90%). Other ...
Farrukh Avais1, Anser Ali1, Hamza Javed2, Muhammad Saleem3, Tehreem Tahir4,
Muhammad Rafiq5,*
... evaluate tyrosinase and antioxidant
activities in-vitro. Our results confirmed that all MeOH-crude AS and MP extracts
showed significant anti-oxidant activity with IC50 values ranging from 0.05 ± 0.2 mg/ml
to 4.3 ± 2.3mg/ml. Moreover, AS and MP all 16 extracts have significant anti-tyrosinase
activity with IC50 range from 0.014 ± 0mg/ml to 1.205 ± 0.07mg/ml. Interestingly, AS
<...

*Arshad Javaid1, Syeda Fakehha Naqvi1 and Iqra Haider Khan1

...iv>
antibacterial, antioxidant, anticancer and antipsoriatic. However, this study concludes that
most of the compounds were antimicrobial in nature.
...

*Malik F. H. Ferdosi1, Iqra Haider Khan2, Arshad Javaid2 and Muhammad F. A. Fardosi3

...microbial, antidiabetic, antioxidant and/or anticancer activities.

...

*Malik F. H. Ferdosi1, Arshad Javaid2, Iqra Haider Khan2, Muhammad F. A. Fardosi3 and Ayesha Munir4,5

...such as aphid repellant, antioxidant, anticancer, antimicrobial and/or anti-inflammatory.

...

Afrah Adil Hassan1*, Hawraa F. H. Alowaid1, Majdy Faisal Majeed2 

...gical liver profiles and antioxidant enzyme activities in male adult rats. Adult male Wistar rats (250±10 g) were divided into four groups: group I (n = 6) served as the control and received 2.5 mg NaCl/kg/day as a sodium chloride solution, group II (n = 6) received 2.5 mg/kg/day as lead chloride solution orally, group III (n = 6) received 50 mg Chy and 50 mg Gnk/kg/day, and group IV (n = 6) received 50 mg Chy, 50 mg Gnk, and 2.5 mg Pb/kg/day. All anima...

Makruf Arif1, Asmarani Kusumawati2*, Kurniawan Dwi Prihantoko3, Agustina Dwi Wijayanti4, Sri Gustari2 

...treatments: LREY without antioxidant as control (LREY0), LREY supplemented with genistein at 5 µM (LREY5), genistein at 10 µM (LREY10), glutathione at 0.2 mM (LREY2), and glutathione at 0.4 mM (LREY4). The semen was evaluated after dilution, equilibration, and thawing. The evaluation criteria included sperm motility, recovery rate, viability, membrane integrity, and DNA fragmentation. In the post-dilution and post-equilibration phases, there was no...
Wagner Antonio Gorozabel Muñoz1*, Mayra Jossenka Loor Solórzano1, Josselyn Gema Palacio Intriago1, Virginia Vanessa Andrade Andrade1 and Carlos Alfredo Cedeño-Palacios1,2 
 
...ducting physicochemical, antioxidant, and beta-carotene analyses on the flours obtained from the pulp of three squash varieties: vermilion squash, pepo and macre. For the research project, the squash samples were subjected to a process of selection, classification, sectioning process, dehydration at 60°C for 12 hours, and grinding at 210 mm. The physicochemical evaluation was determined by: fat NTE INEN-ISO11085AOAC 2003.06, ash NTE INEN-ISO 2171, moisture...

Eman Ali Hussein1*, Majdy Faisal Majeed2

...tract of (TFG) exhibited antioxidant activity against nephropathy resulting from the effects of diabetes due to (SZ). Animals in groups 2, 3, 4, and 5 were employed as experimental groups, whereas rats in group 1 received orally gavages of tap water and served as negative controls. Group 2 developed diabetes as a result of a single intramuscular injection of (SZ) at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight, In contrast, rats in groups 3 and 4 were given oral gavages of ...

Salim Saifullah, Muhammad Ilyas, Bashir Ullah and Sanam Zarif Satti*

...ting the regeneration of antioxidants, hormone biosynthesis, and photosynthesis. This study includes the collection of Rosa brunonii rosehips from various locations in Murree Hills and the quantification of vitamin C in these samples. The average weight of rosehips varied from 4.54 to 7.92 g. Rosehips collected from Lower Topa (LT) showed the highest weight with a mean value of 7.92 g, followed by rosehips collected from Danoi (DA) (7.25 g). The average vitami...
Asma Saeed , Muhammad Salim Marwat, Arshad Mahmood Chohan, Abdul Haleem Shah, Rubina Naz , Jaweria Gul , Muhammad Zeeshan Bhatti and Ahmad Saeed

Kingsley O. Omeje1, Juliet N. Ozioko2, Amaechi L. Ogara2, Benjamin O. Ezema2* and Dilibe C. Urama3

...05) in the activities of antioxidant enzymes. The extract did not show alteration in the liver function. Hence, prolonged consumption of the extract has not shown any sign of toxicity and may not predispose the animal to cardiovascular diseases.

...

Sara Brikat1*, Imane Kherrab1*, Yassine Taaifi2*, Sara Haida3, Laila Ibouzine-Dine1, Oumaima Abouyala1, Ilhame Fitah1, Abdelhalim Mesfioui1, Aboubaker Elhessni1 

... antidepressant effects, antioxidant activities, and memory enhancement potential of methanolic extract of Curcuma longa (MECL) in high fructose-treated rats. To assess acute toxicity, rats were divided into five groups treated with different doses of MECL (2000, 3000, and 4000 mg/kg) for 14 days. For the evaluation of antidepressant, antioxidant activities and memory performance, rats were randomly distributed into six grou...

Asad Sultan1, Ziaul Islam2*, Faiza Shahzadi3, Sarzamin Khan1, Rafiullah Khan1 and Ihsan Ali4

...ed increased activity of antioxidant enzymes and decreased levels of lipid peroxidation biomarkers, without a harmful effect on liver and kidney function. In conclusion, the use of natural additives is necessary to improve growth performance, and nutrient digestibility, decrease nitrogen losses, feed cost, and environmental pollution.

...
Sanam Zarif Satti1, Tanvir Ahmad Quereshi2, Mehwish Zarif3 and Iftikhar Ahmad4
...ics total flavonoids and antioxidant activity was observed. Highest value of total phenolic content was observed for B.aristata (80.25 mg GAE g-1) while lowest values was recorded for C. oblique (10.25 mg GAE g-1), highest value of flavonoid content was recorded as (38.5 mg QE g-1) and comparatively highest value of antioxidant activity was recorded for B. aristata (57.80...

Sony Eka Nugraha1*, Marianne Marianne2, Rony Abdi Syahputra2, Aji Najihudin3, Nikmatul Ikhrom Eka Jayani4, Shaum Shiyan5, Nabila Nabila6,7

...screening. Additionally, antioxidant activity was determined by spectrophotometry. A rat model of thrombocytopenia was established by subcutaneous injection of heparin at 2000 IU/kg body weight (BW) for 10 days. After induction, rats were administered C. papaya leaves ethanol extract at various concentrations (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg BW) for 20 days. On day 21, the duke method was used to examine the bleeding time, and the blood clotting time was evaluated usin...

Hafsa Tauqir1, Imran Ahmad2 and Muhammad Bilal Sadiq1*

...timicrobial activity and antioxidant activity. The purpose of the study was to determine the total phenolic content (TPC), antioxidant content and betalain content of beetroot pomace extract (BPE) under optimized extraction conditions. Beetroot pomace was further used to develop a flavored yogurt. The highest responses for DPPH inhibition (66.6%), betaxanthins (174 mg/L), betacyanins (265 mg/L) and TPC (2.78 mg GAE/g) were o...
Malik F. H. Ferdosi1, Iqra Haider Khan2, *Arshad Javaid2, Muhammad Nadeem3 and
Ayesha Munir4
...perglycemic,
antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory.
...

*Arshad Javaid1, Iqra Haider Khan1 and Malik F. H. Ferdosi2

...tifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant,
anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and analgesic.
...

Arshad Javaid1*, Malik F. H. Ferdosi2, Iqra Haider Khan1, Amna Shoaib1, Hafiz Muhammad Saeed2, Muhammad Abrar Ul Hassan1

...nticancer, antimalarial, antioxidant, antidiabetic, antitumor, etc.

...

Hafiz Ishtiaq Ahmad1, Jinlong Zhang1, Fuxun Luo1, Owais Iqbal2 and Yuying Wang1*

...cal characteristics, and antioxidant activity of Dendrobium officinale tissue culture seedlings. The fluorescent white light served as control. The tissue culture seedlings were grown in simple light and transplanted about 0.1 cm long into a solid culture medium. The plants were subjected to various LED spectra for a duration of 14 hours each day and continuous subsequent 100 days. The experiment was completely randomized design with nine treatments and each t...
Wasseem Emam1, Mohamed E. Bakr2*, Marwa F. Abdel-Kader3, Mohamed M. Abdel-Rahim4, Ashraf I.G. Elhetawy4 and Radi A. Mohamed1
... kidney function, higher antioxidant activity and lysozyme count; p < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that low-cost interventions that introduce thermal gradients in aquaculture systems may hold promise for improving health and welfare status of farmed fish in developing countries.

...

Wadood Shah* and Sanam Zarif Satti

...Photosynthetic pigments, antioxidant enzymes and phenolic compounds play a vital role in a plant’s capacity to endure drought stress conditions. 

...

Tamara Natik Dawood* 

...luding hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and cardioprotective effects. The study aims to determine the influence of several levels of silymarin on the productive and biochemical parameters in local lambs. A total of 30 lambs are classified into three groups. G1 (ten lambs) received Silymarin (420 mg/kg) orally, G2 (ten lambs) received Silymarin (210 mg/kg) orally, while G3 (ten lambs) received distal water (control group). Several p...

Talal Jabal Hussen1, Sattar J.J. Al-Shaeli1*, Baidaa H.R. Al-Mahna2, Hasanain A.J. Gharban3

...dropdown the activity of antioxidant markers including catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) compared to control mice. Histologically, tissue sections of liver, spleen and kidney in mice exposed to estrogen showed variable degrees of abnormalities in their histological architecture and textures in compared to normal mice. This study is unique as it estimates the influencing of the long-term administration of estrogen on...

Bushra Irfan1, Muhammad Shahbaz1*, Asif Mukhtiar1, Muhammad Zubair Akram2, Muhammad Atif Bashir3, Sabina Asghar4, Abdul Ghaffar5 and Samreen Nazeer6*

...ired the balance between antioxidants (superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase) and oxidants (hydrogen peroxide and malondialdehyde), and lessened the uptake of essential minerals (potassium and calcium) irrespective of varietal differences. However, the performance of TH-6 was better than TS-5. In addition, the seed priming of thiourea enhanced the sesame photosynthetic pigments and efficiency, secondary metabolites production, ant...

Salam N. Aritonang1*, Yulia Yellita1, Dwita Saningtias2, Eka Putri2, Rizqan1 

...urmeric flour is rich in antioxidants and natural antibiotic compounds that support buffalo health. It is predicted that turmeric flour supplements will enhance erythrocytes, hematocrit, hemoglobin, and leukocytes, as observed in the health of female Murrah buffaloes. Parameters measured in this study included hematology (erythrocytes, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and leukocytes) in Murrah buffaloes. The study involved four lactating Murrah buffaloes aged 3 to 5 ye...

Dwi Putri Nurmala1, Tri Eko Susilorini1, Osfar Sjofjan2*, Danung Nur Adli2

...the blood parameters and antioxidant activity in dairy goats using a meta-analysis method. A comprehensive literature search was conducted, selecting studies published from 2005 to 2023 that examined selenium supplementation in dairy goats. Using R software 4.3.3 (2024-02-29 ucrt), data from 16 studies were analyzed using meta-regression analyses. Selenium supplementation in dairy goats significantly enhanced GSH-Px activity (P<0.01), but had no significant...
Langgeng Priyanto1,2*, Herdis2, Santoso2, Pradita Iustitia Sitaresmi2
Tri Puji Priyatno2, Rahma Isartina Anwar2, Desiana Ade Mahari2
Florentina Bety Indah Lupitasari2, Maman Surachman2
I Wayan Angga Darmawan2, Arfan Abrar1 and Arum Setiawan3
...itamin C) are two potent antioxidants that operate to prevent oxidation processes. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of α- tocopherol and ascorbic acid on the motility, viability, abnormality, and plasma membrane quality of post-thawed Tropical Brahman bull sperm. Sperm samples were obtained and pooled from eight sexually mature Tropical Brahman Bull, separated into seven equal proportions, and diluted with TEY extender Semen was sup...

Abdul Ghaffar1*, Kashfa Akram1, Habiba Jamil1, Riaz Hussain2, Ghulam Abbas3, Fozia Afzal4, Ahrar Khan5,6, Rabia Tahir7, Muhammad Ahmad Chishti1 and Shahnaz Rashid3

...icals and alterations in antioxidant defense enzymes. Comet assay analysis detected DNA damage in pesticide-exposed workers, correlated with increased age and duration of exposure. In conclusion, pesticides elicit oxidative stress and lead to hematological, serological, and genetic abnormalities in exposed agricultural workers.

...

Sarhad Journal of Agriculture

June

Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, Vol.40, Iss. 2, Pages 263-679

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